Reasons for, and nature of, the changing patterns of trade, 1763-1914: Flashcards Preview

Edexcel History A-Level (Paper 3, Option 35.1: Britain: losing and gaining an empire, 1763–1914)- Theme 1/ The changing nature and extent of trade > Reasons for, and nature of, the changing patterns of trade, 1763-1914: > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reasons for, and nature of, the changing patterns of trade, 1763-1914: Deck (45)
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1

What was Britain's government debt as a percentage of its GDP in 1763 and 1821?

1763= 157% and 1821=260%

2

The slave ship called 'Lottery' set sail from Liverpool in 1798. How much did it cost to outfit the ship?

£2,307

3

The slave ship called 'Lottery' set sail from Liverpool in 1798. How much was it carrying in trade goods for Africa?

£8,326

4

The slave ship called 'Lottery' set sail from Liverpool in 1798. How much was made as a result of the selling of 453 slaves?

£22,726 (£50 per head)

5

What were the three main ports for slave traders in Britain?

Bristol, Glasgow and Liverpool

6

By the 1790s, how many slave ships were sailing from Liverpool per year?

120-130

7

In 1766, the Gentleman's Magazine claimed how many members of parliament were planters or had business interest in plantations?

'Upwards of 40'

8

Who chaired the Society of West Indian Merchants who was also the Governor of the Bank of England between 1783 and 1785?

Sir Richard Neave

9

How many slaves worked on the Church of England plantations in Barbados?

400

10

When was the first abolitionist movement in Britain setup?

1783 by Quakers

11

When did William Wilberforce join the abolitionist movement?

1787

12

When did the parliamentary campaign for abolition begin?

1789

13

When was the French revolution and when was France declared a republic?

Revolution began in 1789 and declared a republic in 1792

14

When did Napoleon seize power of France leading to the rejuvenation of the slave trade by French plantations?

1804

15

When was the bill that abolished the slave trade passed by the House of Commons yet defeated in the House of Lords?

1804

16

When was the Foreign Slave Trade Bill introduced?

1806

17

When was the Slave Trade Act?

1807

18

What percentage of the income for Bristol's population came from the Slave Trade in 1780s?

40%

19

In the 18th century, what proportion of slave ships would lose profit?

1 in 10

20

In 1778, how much did merchants in Liverpool lose through the Slave Trade?

£700,000

21

How many slaves were later emancipated by 1834 and how much did it cost?

700,000 slaves and cost £20 million (40% of Government expenditure)

22

From which country did the economic theory of mercantilism originate?

Spain

23

When did Adam Smith publish 'An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations'?

1776

24

In 1750, what was the second most prosperous city in the British Empire?

Dublin

25

What was the value of imports from Ireland in 1750 and 1790?

1750= £1.5 million and 1790= £3.8 million

26

What was the value of exports from Ireland in 1750 and 1790?

1750= £1.9 million and 1790= £4.9 million

27

In which year did the British Government consult Adam Smith in regards to the future of Irish demands for free trade?

1779

28

When did the British Government remove trade restrictions on Ireland?

1779

29

What piece of policy passed by the British government characterised protectionist interests in Britain after the war with France ended in 1815?

Corn laws

30

When was the Representation of the People Act passed?

1832

31

When was the Anti-Corn Law League founded?

1838

32

When did Robert Peel become Prime Minister?

1841

33

Between 1842 and 1846, how many import tariffs were removed?

1,200 tariffs

34

Between which years were the Navigation Acts passed?

1651 and 1673

35

What did the Navigation Acts do?

Colonial goods for exportation must be on British ships; certain goods had to go via a British port; European imports for British colonies had to stop in English port

36

What was 'salutary neglect'?

The 'light-touch' approach of tax collection

37

When was the Seven Years' War?

1756 – 1763

38

Which two major protectionist laws remained in the budget of 1842?

Sugar duties and the Corn Laws

39

Which countries were a threat to British trade of Sugar due to the abolition of slave ownership in 1833?

Brazil and Cuba

40

When did Peel abolish the sugar duties and Corn Laws?

Importation Act of 1846

41

How many people died and emigrated as a result of the Irish potato famine?

1 million died and 1 million emigrated

42

When were the Navigation Acts repealed?

1849

43

When was the Sugar Act passed that put duties on non-British Caribbean colonies?

1764

44

When was Mutiny Act passed that allowed British troops to be stationed in each of the British Colonies in America?

1765

45

When was the Stamp act that put a tax on the purchase of stamps that must be put on almost all formal documents?

1765