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Flashcards in Recording 3 Deck (27):
1

Is stuttering cyclical?

yes, it goes in cycles

2

Avoidance behavior

it is thought to be a bad thing. But is it really bad if it helps someone to stop stuttering.

3

When was the Iowa Therapy at its height?

40's - 60's

4

What is another name for Iowa Therapy?

Stuttering Modification

5

What are the 2 goals of stuttering modification?

1. Desensitization
2. Reduce the tension

6

First goal of stuttering mod
1. Desensitization

stuttering brings emotional ties

7

Second goal of stuttering mod
2. Reduce the tension

Relax into the stutter this will reduce the shame anxiety and fear.

8

What are the 4 steps of stuttering modification in order of light cognitive load to heavy?

1. cancellation
2. pull out
3. bounce
4. preparatory set

9

Stuttering Modification:
Technique 1

Cancellation: recognize your stutter, go back and cancel out the tension in the stutter

10

Stuttering Modification:
Technique 2

Pull Out: in the middle of the stutter stop and release the tension whether you begin the utterance again or not. Recognize and stop

11

Stuttering Modification:
Technique 3

Bounce: use if client primarily uses prolongations and blocks (these use the most tension) teach them to use repetitions instead of P's of B's. Repetitions are a forward movement that can receive the extreme tension.

12

Stuttering Modification:
Technique 4

Preparatory set: (this is the most cognitively demanding technique.) Be aware of the stutter and when you feel the tension building try to release it. You can use this step with other steps in a combination.

13

This technique started in the early 60's and 70's. This is based on a physical and neurological cause. It is behavioral techniques with no emotion involved. This is repetition therapy. It is used to reduce the stutter because fluency is the goal. You want the client to stutter less.

Fluency Shaping

14

Fluency shaping is completely what?

behavioral techniques
fluency is the goal
we want to reduce the stutter

15

Fluency Shaping
step 1

Easy Onset: used for words that start with vowels. Start the word with a slight /h/ or slight flow of air before voice kicks in.

16

Fluency Shaping
step 2

Soft Contact: used for consonants
you approximate the sounds rather than forcing out for example a glottal stop

17

Fluency Shaping
step 3

Continuous Phonation: almost like singing so the VF's do not stop

18

Fluency Shaping
step 4

Short Phrases: cut up utterances into phrases

19

What do both fluency shaping and stuttering modification both use?

slowed rate

20

For fluency shaping how do you know what step to start on?

It is based on the client

21

What is negative practice?

deliberately stuttering

22

Stuttering on purpose can be?

Desensitization practice

23

where did fluency shaping come from

Australia/ lidcomb

24

This technique started in the early 60's and 70's. This is based on a physical and neurological cause. It is behavioral techniques with no emotion involved. This is repetition therapy. It is used to reduce the stutter because fluency is the goal. You want the client to stutter less.

fluency shaping

25

This technique uses behavioral techniques

Fluency shaping

26

Repetition therapy

fluency shaping

27

Fluency is the goal
make client stutter less

fluency shaping