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Flashcards in Reflexes/Peds Deck (46):
1

Reflexes are

essential for normal development

2

Reflexes are basic patterns that prepare us for

more voluntary movement later

3

As reflexes are integrated

higher patterns of righting and equilibrium reactions come in which allow more complex motor responses.

4

Newborn reflexes

not easily categorized in CNS

5

ATNR

Asymmetric Tonic Neck Reflex

6

STNR

Symmetric Tonic Neck Reflex

7

Postural control

Ability to maintain body alignment while upright in space

8

Development of antigravity movement

Mobility
Stability
Mobility over stability
Skill

9

Testing reflexes and righting reactions may indicate

a normally developing CNS or indicate delays

10

One can tell where the delays are in the brain and at what level

but not the cause of delays

11

Brain injuries

Primitive reflex persistence

12

Abnormal muscle tone

Can't develop antigravity movements normally

13

Musculoskeletal problems

Downs, MD
Lax ligaments, decreased strength

14

Decreased sensory function

Need intact visual, vestibular and somatosensory

15

Decreased motor response

Decreased timing

16

Reach

Movement and stabilization of arm/hand to contact an object with hand

17

Grasp

Holding an object

18

Carry

Movement of arm in space to transport object from one place to another

19

Release

Intentional letting go of an object

20

In-hand manipulation

Adjustment of object within hand

21

Bilateral hand use

Effective use of 2 hands together

22

Motor/Physical Factors

ROM
Strength
Tone

23

Grasp

Nonprehensile
Prehensile

24

Nonprehensile

Pushing/lifting objects with entire hand

25

Prehensile

Grasping using finger tips,
Precision :opposition
Power: entire hand used to resist forces, carry, stabilize

26

Types of grasps

Hook
Power
Lateral Pinch
3-jaw
Tip

27

Hook

Object held horizontally in hand to carry objects is a power grasp (suitcase)

28

Power

Object held horizontally in hand, strength on ulnar side and skill on radial side (brush hair)

29

Lateral pinch

Power on small objects, pad of thumb against radial side of index (turn key)

30

3-jaw

Opposition of thumb to index and third finger, picking up small to medium objects is a power pinch

31

Tip

Opposition of thumb to index tip, forms circle with web space, picking up small objects is a skilled pinch

32

In-hand manipulation

Translation
Rotation

33

In-hand prerequisites

Supination
Wrist extension
Opposition
Isolation of thumb and fingers
Control of arches
Separation of hand

34

Snipping

2 yrs

35

Cuts across paper

2.5 yrs

36

Cut on line

3-3.5 yrs

37

Cuts circle

3.5-4 yrs

38

Cuts square

4.5-5 yrs

39

Refines skill

6-7 yrs

40

Spoon

12-18 mn

41

Fork

2.5 yrs

42

Knife

6 yrs

43

Stabilizing hand

18-24 mns

44

Readiness skills

FMC, mastered the 1st 9 designs on Beery test
R/L discrimination
Orientation to printed form

45

Assessment

Work samples
Interviews
Field review
Observations

46

Handwriting tests

Domains
Legibility
Speed
Ergonomic factors