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1

What are OpsSpecs?

Operational Specification - Authority provided by the FAA to a Certificate Holder for certain operations IAW 14 CFR 135

2

What is a GOM?

General Operations Manual -- How your company implements your FAA-approved OpsSpec.

Sometimes referred to as your Ops Manual

3

What are the three FAA Primary Inspectors for a 135 Charter Operation?

The 3 FAA Primary Inspectors are:

  • Principal Operations Inspector (POI)
  • Principal  Maintenance Inspector (PMI)
  • Principal  Avionics Inspector (PAI)

4

Who is your POI?

My company's POI is _________________ (name -- different for every company)

5

What is a FSDO?  Who is yours?

FSDO: Flight Standards District Office.

Your company's FSDO is _____________(name of facility, ABQ, SAT, etc.…)

6

What is "Common Carriage"?

Holding out to the public (advertising), transporting persons/property, for "compensation or hire."

7

What does the FAA mean by "Compensation or Hire"?

Compensation or Hire: there is an Economic advantage to the pilot and/or operator

NOTE: you don't have to make a profit

8

What are "Commuter" Operations under CFR 135?

Commuter Operations are "Scheduled" charter flights that are:

  • 5 round-trips/week (or more) 
  • 9 seats or less
  • 7,500# max payload
  • Non-turbojet

9

What are Common Carriage "On-Demand" Operations 135?

"On-Demand" operations are where:

  • The customer decides time and location
  • 30 seats or less
  • 7,500# max payload

10

What are the aircraft limitations (number of seats and payload) for "On-Demand" Operations 135, Non-Common Carriage / Private Carriage?

Non-Common Carriage/Private Carriage 135 Operations are limited to:

  • 20 seats or less
  • 6,000# max payload

11

What are "All Cargo" 135 Operations?

All Cargo Operations are:

  • Scheduled or non-scheduled 
  • 7,500# max payload
  • No passengers

12

What are the "Eligible" On-Demand 135 Operations Restrictions?

The "Eligible" On-Demand restrictions are:

  • Two pilots (no single pilot ops),
  • PIC
    • >1,500 hours,
    • PIC ATP
  • SIC
    • > 500 hours,
    • SIC Comm/Inst 
  • ME aircraft
  • More limitations if SIC has less than 100 hours in type,
  • Either PIC or SIC has at least 75 hours in type

13

What are the limitations on a Single Pilot Part 135 Operator?

A Single Pilot 135 Certificate is limited to:

  1. One pilot, no SICs
  2. May have more than one aircraft
  3. Must comply w/all 135 rules, but
    • No manual,
    • No training program,
    • No management personnel
  4. Must comply with checkrides (293, 297, 299)

14

What are Single PIC Part 135 Operator Limitations?

 

NOTE: Different than Single Pilot Part 135

  1. One pilot, and up to three SICs
  2. The manual requirement can be waived
  3. No "10 or more" aircraft
  4. No CAT II, CAT III
  5. No International Operations

15

What are Basic Part 135 Operator Limitations?

Limited in size and scope:

  1. No more than five pilots (PIC & SIC)
  2. No more than five aircraft
  3. No more than three types of aircraft
  4. No "10 or more"
  5. No CAT II or III
  6. Ops limited to US, Canada, Mexico and Caribbean

16

What are the Full Part 135 Operator Limitations?

No restrictions in size, limited by approved Ops Specs.

17

What are PIC Part 135 Qualifications -- VFR?

  • Commercial/Instrument and ME if ME operations
  •  Instrument Current
  • 2nd Class Medical
  • 135.293 & 299 w/in 12 months,
  • 500 hrs TT
  • 100 hrs cross-country 
  • 25 hrs Night cross-country

18

What are PIC Part 135 Qualifications -- IFR?

135 VFR PIC +:

  • 135.297 w/in 6 months,
  • 1,200 hrs TT
  • 75 hrs actual or simulated instrument of which 50 hrs in flight
  • "10 or more" OR ME commuter
    • ATP + 1st Class Medical

19

What are PIC Part 135 Qualifications -- IFR Commuter?

135 IFR PIC +

  • Initial Operating Experience, (IOE: 20 hrs ME Turbine, or 25 hrs turbojet with Check Pilot -- hrs reduced by 50% for every t/o and landing)

20

What is the PIC Recency of Experience for Carrying Passengers?

  • 3 t/o & landings in the same Category and Class w/in 90 days
    • Same type if type rating required
    • 3 t/o & landings to a full stop at night w/in 90 days
    • if not flown route/airport w/in 90 days?
      • Must become "familiar" with all available information

21

What are SIC Qualifications?

  • Commercial/Instrument and ME if ME operations
  • Instrument Current
  • 2nd Class Medical

22

When is a SIC Required?

  • IAW w/Type Certificate (most aircraft >12,500#s and most jets)
  • "10 or more"
  • When carrying passengers IFR
    • Unless SP Autopilot authorized in the Ops Specs

23

What is Initial Training?

Not presently serving as a PIC/SIC on any Company aircraft

  • INDOC
  • Aircraft Ground
  • Aircraft Flight,
  • Checkrides: 135.293, 297 (IFR PIC), 299 (PIC)

24

What is Transition Training?

Current company pilot moving to a new aircraft w/in the company.

25

What is Differences Training?

Ground and flight training on differences between specific models (CE525 to CE525A, etc.).

26

What is Recurrent Training?

Ground and flight training, every 6 months IFR (135.297), and 12 months (135.293/297/299)

Current and qualified company pilot.

If non-current then goes through ReQual training

27

What is a 135.293 Checkride?

Competency Check -- PIC/SIC every 12 months

28

What is a 135.297 Checkride?

Instrument Proficiency Check -- PIC every 6 months. Can rotate SE and ME, or between types

29

What is a 135.299 Checkride?

Line Check -- PIC every 12 months (often combined w/293 & 297), one flight, one route, one airport

30

What are the requirements for W&B and Manifests?

Required for every leg w/Cargo and/or Passengers onboard.

  • Copy to Company Operations --
    • Retained for 30 days (135);
    • ME aircraft PIC must carry a copy,
  • Includes:
    • #of pax
    • Total Weight
    • MTOW, CG limits
    • CG
    • Registration number
    • Origin and destination
    • Crew names with positions/assignments