What is rehabilitation medicine
physiotherapy (physical therapy in vet med)
when & why is physical therapy used
after an injury or limitation on the animal (such as sx) to help recover full usage of affected area as well as alleviate inflammation, pain & scar tissue formation
Post op rehab is important T or F
What are core strenght exercises/proprioception for equines & canines
Equine: usuall baited stretches or passive RoM movements
Canine: trained to stand on variety of surfaces using food rewards
Whare are both core strength & proprioceptive exercises important when rehabing from injury
engages atrophied muscles & recruit the muscles to work appropriately again
what can be used for equine proprioception exercises
what else an be used in all spp to encourage larger range of motion
Can hydrotherapy be used in cats
what are the goals of hydrotherapy
adds resistance w/o adding load on joints
in equine & canine good recovery from tendon issues (e.g. suspensory injury in horses)
post op orthopedic recovery because of bouyancy (e.g. TPLO, FHO)
obese pts. provides muscular workout w/o joint strain
Do you need an expensive hydrotherapy unit for hydrotherapy?
No any body of water large enough for pt will do!
what can massage therapy do
works on musculoskeletal system
use on any species
assist with tension, stimulates blood flow, improves lymphatic drainage
what is a goniometer
measures increase or decrease in angle of joint
what is a flexible arch
measures muscle atrophy or asymmetry
what does a TENS machine do
electrical stim of muscles
aids in nerve regeneration
allows positive contraction of muscles to prevent atrophy
temporary analgesia via "gate theory"
what is gate theory
gate control theory of pain:
non-painful input closes the gates to painful input which prevents pain senastion from traveling to CNS
what is laser therapy
intense beams of light of specific wavelengths to help reduce pain
LASER: Light Ampllcation by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Are there different uses for lasers
What are the 2 common classes of lasers used in vet med
what are some effects of lasers
Reduced therapy time – quicken the reproduction of cells and their growth.
Safely treat pain – influences and increases the metabolic activity of the cells.
Effective for pain relief – reduces swelling from bruising or inflammation.
Helps to increase circulation to damaged cell sites.
Minimizes scar formation from surgery, cuts, burns, etc.
difference between Class IIIB & IV lasers
Class IIIB – can be held right up against the skin without risk of
Class IIIB laser – longer treatment times (more time consuming)
Class IV laser - must always be in motion to avoid overheating of tissues.
how do you know how to use a laser
Some lasers are “point and shoot” using a set template. Others
have a techniques chart
K Laser (brand) – has an easy to follow chart for lasering different structures.
what are the effects of laser on scar tissue
laser is instrumental in laying down the scar tissue in such a way as to reduce adhesions, allow greater flexibility, and
provide a smoother flatter scar.
Time period for this is 10 days to 6 months. After 6 months, the scar tissue is too well formed to be restructured or influenced.
After 30 days, laser can be used in combination with ultrasound and
massage friction therapy to have moderate success restructuring the scar tissue.
how does ultrasound therapy work
ultrasound waves act as a deep tissue heating agent and can penetrate as deep as 5 cm into underlying tissues without excessive heating of the skin.
Therapeutic ultrasound is beneficial to animals with decreased joint mobility, muscle soreness and tightness, calcium deposits, hematomas, arthritis, tendon and ligament inflammation, and excessive scar tissue.
Use sparingly – can only use once a week, as opposed to the laser, which can be used daily in some cases.
disadvantages of ultrasound
Labour intense – can only work small areas at a time
Need LOTS of ultrasound gel
Excess fur can hinder the penetration of the sound waves
Clients may not want patches shaved into their animal to allow treatment
The crystal is delicate and can be damaged easily
Probes needed are 1 mHz and 3 mHz
Cost usually $1000 – 2000 for a good one.
What about acupuncture & chiropractic
both have been scientifically proven to increase flexibility, improve posture, reduce pain & stiffness
Most pt tolerate acupuncture extremely well T or F
what is chiropractic used for
Treatment of joint dysfunction
Repetitive use (such as riding) or compensation for a limb injury can throw the joints of the body out of alignment
Chiropractic medicine aims to restore joint flexibility, motion, and correct imbalances or “subluxations”
What is kenesiotaping
Kinesiotape provides stability and support to muscles, tendons, and joints without restricting mobility.
Different strengths and brands (K Tape, Rock Tape)
what is the organization that involves vet rehab medicine
International Association of Veterinary Rehabilitation and
Physical Therapists. (IAVRPT)