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Flashcards in Relevant Diversity Legislation Deck (11)
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What is the Human Rights Act 1998?

Sets out fundamental rights and freedoms that everyone in UK is entitled to

Incorporates rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) into domestic British law

Came into effect in October 2000


What are the three main effects of the Human Rights Act 1998?

You can seek justice in a British court

Public bodies must respect your rights

New laws are compatible with Convention rights


What are some of the Rights under the Human Rights Act 1998?

Article 2: Right to life
Article 3: Freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment
Article 4: Freedom from slavery and forced labour
Article 5: Right to liberty and security
Article 6: Right to a fair trial
Article 7: No punishment without law
Article 8: Respect for your private and family life, home and correspondence
Article 9: Freedom of thought, belief and religion
Article 10: Freedom of expression
Article 11: Freedom of assembly and association
Article 12: Right to marry and start a family
Article 14: Protection from discrimination in respect of these rights and freedoms
Protocol 1, Article 1: Right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
Protocol 1, Article 2: Right to education
Protocol 1, Article 3: Right to participate in free elections
Protocol 13, Article 1: Abolition of the death penalty


What replaced the Disability Discrimination Act 1995?

Replaced on 1st October 2010 by The Equality Act 2010


What is the Equality Act 2010?

A law which protects you from discrimination.

It means that discrimination or unfair treatment on
the basis of certain personal characteristics, such as age, is now against the law in almost all cases


What are the NINE protected characteristics under the Equality Act 2010?

1. age
2. disability
3. gender reassignment
4. marriage and civil partnership
5. pregnancy and maternity
6. race
7. religion or belief
8. sex
9. sexual orientation


How does the Building Regulations 2010 cover discrimination through inclusive design?

Regulates access to and the use of buildings to meet the needs of disabled people

Regulates Access for All: how to plan and deliver inclusive public access so as to encourage more people from all backgrounds to enjoy an environment and its benefits by removing barriers that restrict
both disabled and non-disabled users


What are the THREE access categories under the Building Regulations 2010?

Category 1 - Visitable dwellings: minimum facilities for access to and use by people with disabilities

Category 2 - Accessible and adaptable dwellings: Must: meet the needs of occupants with needs
including some older or disabled people; and Allow adaption of the dwelling to meet the changing
needs of occupants over time

Category 3 - Wheelchair user dwellings: Designed to meet the needs of wheelchair users

Categories 2 and 3 only apply where REQUIRED via planning permission


In what ways does European Legislation cover discrimination and equality?

Typically related to Infrastructure

Such legislation can be applied to all public areas of stations dedicated to the transport of passengers and might include Persons with Reduced Mobility (PRM) provision.

Dept. for Transport (DfT) Code of Practice – underlines that wherever works / improvements / new infrastructure is built, that accessibility is considered.

Does not need to be expensive / problematic.


What is the Latham Report – Constructing the Team 1994?

A report commissioned by the UK Government, looking into the apparent failings of the construction industry as a whole

The report described the industry as ineffective, adversarial, fragmented and incapable of delivering for its clients


What are the recommendations of the Latham Report – Constructing the Team 1994?

That the Government should become a best practice client

That the NEC suite of contracts be adopted to improve a less adversarial approach

Encouraged Partnering between companies and organisations

Risk should be allocated to the party best able to handle it