Flashcards in Religion Deck (29)
What were 2 of Elizabeth’s aims regarding religion?
It re-established the break from Rome and an independent Church of England and all members of the clergy had to swear an oath of loyalty to her.
However, as a compromise with Archbishops and Bishops being kept which it was hoped would please Catholics.
What was the Act of Supremacy, 1559?
Catholic Mass was abandoned and the Bible was written in English (to please protestants
Ornaments such as crosses and candles could be placed on the communion table and Priests had to war traditional- style Vestments (to please Catholics)
What was the Act of Uniformity, 1559?
Moderate Protestants and Catholics were happy with them but Puritan and extreme Catholics thought they were too generous to the “enemy”
What was a Puritan?
An English Protestant who wanted to further simplify the church of England and remove anything related to Catholicism.
Give four examples of when Puritans challenged Elizabeth and how Elizabeth dealt with them
1570 - Thomas Cartwright delivered a series of lectures and called for Bishops to be abolished. He was sacked from his position at Cambridge University.
1577 -Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury was placed under house arrest for not banning prophesying
300 ministers, most of whom had Puritan views, were suspended for refusing to agree to the Acts introducing in the first 5 years of Elizabeth reign.
1593 - Seditious Sectaries Act made Puritanism an offence
Why was Mary Queen of Scots a rival for the throne and a threat to Elizabeth?
Because Elizabeth was childless and Mary had a claim to the throne. She was a Pro – French and a Catholic
What did Elizabeth do with Mary when she arrived in England?
Mary was kept under house arrest
When was the Northern rebellion?
What happened in the first stages
The duke of Norfolk, the Queens cousin wanted to marry Mary and put pressure on Elizabeth, as Marys claim to the throne would be strengthened strong. Dudley and Throckmorton were brought in to the plot but Dudley confessed to Elizabeth. Norfolk was arrested
What success did the rebels have?
Two Catholic nobles Northumberland and Westmorland started an uprising of 5000 rebels in the north and Mass was illegally held in Durham cathedral. In December they waited for Spanish assistance.
Why did the rebellion fail
The rebels lost a short battle and Westmorland and Northumberland fled to Scotland
Lack of foreign support
Lack of an uprising by the general population
Key Northern towns were held by the government e.g. York.
What was the impact of the Northern uprising
Elizabeth confiscated the land of the Earls who rebelled making her stronger
The reorganising of the Northern Council strengthened her position
Norfolk was released after 9 months in the tower of London
In what year did the Pope introduce a Bull excommunicating Elizabeth?
Why was this significant
Because English Catholics did not have to be loyal to Elizabeth
When was the Treason Act
What did the Treason Act state
Anyone denying Elizabeth’s supremacy and bringing in the Pope Bull of excommunication will be executed.
Who were the Jesuits
A group of Catholics committed to serving the Pope
What was the aim of Jesuit priests in England
To gain obnflunce over rich and powerful families and turn them against Elizabeth
When did the Jesuit missionaries start coming to England
Who was Edmund Champion
An English Jesuit Priest and the most famous Catholic missionary
What happened to Champion when he was captured in 1581
He was tortured and executed
What was recusancy
Refusal to attend Church of England services
When was the fine for recusancy raised to £20
In what year were large gatherings of Catholics banned
What % of Catholics were recusants by the end of Elizabeth reign?
By when had the Catholic threat disappeared?
In what year was the Radolfi plot
In what year was the Throckmorton