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Flashcards in Religion Deck (29)
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1

What were 2 of Elizabeth’s aims regarding religion?

It re-established the break from Rome and an independent Church of England and all members of the clergy had to swear an oath of loyalty to her.
However, as a compromise with Archbishops and Bishops being kept which it was hoped would please Catholics.

2

What was the Act of Supremacy, 1559?

Catholic Mass was abandoned and the Bible was written in English (to please protestants

Ornaments such as crosses and candles could be placed on the communion table and Priests had to war traditional- style Vestments (to please Catholics)

3

What was the Act of Uniformity, 1559?

Moderate Protestants and Catholics were happy with them but Puritan and extreme Catholics thought they were too generous to the “enemy”

4

What was a Puritan?

An English Protestant who wanted to further simplify the church of England and remove anything related to Catholicism.

5

Give four examples of when Puritans challenged Elizabeth and how Elizabeth dealt with them

1570 - Thomas Cartwright delivered a series of lectures and called for Bishops to be abolished. He was sacked from his position at Cambridge University.

1577 -Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury was placed under house arrest for not banning prophesying

300 ministers, most of whom had Puritan views, were suspended for refusing to agree to the Acts introducing in the first 5 years of Elizabeth reign.


1593 - Seditious Sectaries Act made Puritanism an offence

6

Why was Mary Queen of Scots a rival for the throne and a threat to Elizabeth?

Because Elizabeth was childless and Mary had a claim to the throne. She was a Pro – French and a Catholic

7

What did Elizabeth do with Mary when she arrived in England?

Mary was kept under house arrest

8

When was the Northern rebellion?

1569

9

What happened in the first stages

The duke of Norfolk, the Queens cousin wanted to marry Mary and put pressure on Elizabeth, as Marys claim to the throne would be strengthened strong. Dudley and Throckmorton were brought in to the plot but Dudley confessed to Elizabeth. Norfolk was arrested

10

What success did the rebels have?

Two Catholic nobles Northumberland and Westmorland started an uprising of 5000 rebels in the north and Mass was illegally held in Durham cathedral. In December they waited for Spanish assistance.

11

Why did the rebellion fail

The rebels lost a short battle and Westmorland and Northumberland fled to Scotland
Lack of foreign support
Lack of an uprising by the general population
Key Northern towns were held by the government e.g. York.

12

What was the impact of the Northern uprising

Elizabeth confiscated the land of the Earls who rebelled making her stronger
The reorganising of the Northern Council strengthened her position
Norfolk was released after 9 months in the tower of London

13

In what year did the Pope introduce a Bull excommunicating Elizabeth?

1570

14

Why was this significant

Because English Catholics did not have to be loyal to Elizabeth

15

When was the Treason Act

1571

16

What did the Treason Act state

Anyone denying Elizabeth’s supremacy and bringing in the Pope Bull of excommunication will be executed.

17

Who were the Jesuits

A group of Catholics committed to serving the Pope

18

What was the aim of Jesuit priests in England

To gain obnflunce over rich and powerful families and turn them against Elizabeth

19

When did the Jesuit missionaries start coming to England

1580

20

Who was Edmund Champion

An English Jesuit Priest and the most famous Catholic missionary

21

What happened to Champion when he was captured in 1581

He was tortured and executed

22

What was recusancy

Refusal to attend Church of England services

23

When was the fine for recusancy raised to £20

1581

24

In what year were large gatherings of Catholics banned

1593

25

What % of Catholics were recusants by the end of Elizabeth reign?

2%

26

By when had the Catholic threat disappeared?

Late 1590s

27

In what year was the Radolfi plot

1571

28

In what year was the Throckmorton

1583

29

When was the Babington plot?

1586