Flashcards in Religiosity And Social Groups Deck (14)
Which gender participates more in religion?
Women are more likely than men to participate in religious activities and believe in God
In 2005, how many women were churchgoers against 1.36 million men?
Who found that women express greater interest in religion, have a greater attendance to it and express stronger personal interest and commitment?
Miller and Hoffman
According to Miller and Hoffman, why are women more religious?
Because they are socialised to be more passive, obedient and caring which are qualities valued by most religions
What other reasons do Miller and Hoffman offer for women's greater participation in religion concerning the type of work women do?
They note that women are more likely than men to work part-time or to be full-time carers so they have more scope for organising their time to participate in religious activities
What argument does Davie put forward for the higher religiosity amongst women?
Davie argues that women's closer proximity to birth and death (through child-bearing, and caring for dying relatives) brings them closer to 'ultimate' questions about the meaning of life that religion is concerned with
Why are women more attracted to new age movements?
Such movements often celebrate the 'natural' and involve cults of healing, which gives women a higher status and sense of self-worth
What three types of deprivation do Glock and Stark suggest women experience that explain women's higher level of sect membership?
Organismic deprivation (Ill health which women are more likely to experience men's they turn to religion for healing), Ethical deprivation (Women regard the world as being in a moral decline) and Social deprivation (Women are more likely to be poor so are attracted to sects)
What evidence has recently been found that contradicts the relationship between women and greater religiosity? And what explanation does Callum Brown offer to explain this recent trend?
Women are now being seen to leave the church at a greater rate than men which Callum Brown argues is because since the 1960s, women have begun to reject traditional subordinate gender roles
What roles can religion provide for immigrants and ethnic minority groups in a new society?
Cultural defence and cultural transition
In a cultural transition what does Bruce believe religion offers?
He argues that religion in such situations offers support and a sense of cultural identity in an uncertain or hostile environment
What does Bird believe religion provides for minorities?
He notes that religion among minorities can be a basis for community solidarity, a means of preserving ones culture and language and a way of coping with oppression in a racist society
What does Ken price argue to be a highly adaptive 'religion of the oppressed' that provides migrants with values appropriate to their new society?