Religious Disposition Flashcards Preview

Philosophy > Religious Disposition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religious Disposition Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
0

Which dietetic requirements characterise the religious neurosis?

Solitude, fasting, and sexual abstinence

1

What has caused misunderstanding of the Saint?

Faith in antithetical values

2

How are the souls of the Saint and sinner viewed?

They have opposite moral value

3

What kind of religion is a suicide of reason?

Original Christianity - arose in 'a sceptical and free spirited southern world, which believed in reason and liberalism.

4

What is sacrificed as a result of Christianity?

All freedom, all pride, all spiritual self confidence

5

What are the three key stages of the great ladder of religious cruelty?

1. Sacrifice of prized possessions 2. Self-sacrifice 3. Sacrifice of God

6

What will we worship, once God has been sacrificed?

Stone, stupidity, Gravity, fate, nothingness

7

What has caused atheism?

The unintelligibility of God

8

How is modern philosophy atheistic?

It attempts to disprove the Cartesian model of the soul

9

Who has a talent for religion, and who is better suited to atheism?

Southern Europeans inherently religious, while atheism is more natural to Northern Europeans

10

How would renunciation of faith be regarded in the south?

As a 'revolt against the spirit of the race'

11

What does Nietzsche say about Ancient Greek religion?

He claims that it was characterised by noble gratitude, but was trained with fear by the rabble

12

What exactly is a slave revolt?

An inversion of values - slave's traits become good, while master's values become evil

13

What best exemplifies the inversion of values?

The paradoxical formula of God on the cross

14

In what way did the slaves become superior to their masters?

In a spiritual sense

15

What is the primary cause of slave revolts?

Scepticism about suffering

16

What is the true origin of religion

Fear of truth - piety the ultimate form of this

17

Example of religious falsification

Loving others for the sake of God

18

What viewpoint can be contrasted with the religious neurosis?

That of the 'most world affirming man', who would will eternal return...

19

What are the 4 advantages of religion

Overcomes obstacles to ruling
Allows the ruling class to preserve themselves for higher things
Provides a route of refinement
Justifies suffering

20

What are the 2 primary disadvantages of religion?

Religion has bred a herd animal
It has inverted noble values

21

What has happened since values have been twisted?

The values of the best-formed species of human have been replaced with 'doubt, pangs of conscience, and self-destruction', thus fusing the higher man with unworldly asceticism.

22

How does religion overcome obstacles to ruling ?

It creates a bind which unites the ruler and ruled; it allows the ruling class to control the conscience of the people.

23

In what way does religion preserve the ruling class, allowing for a higher kind of leadership?

Rulers can retreat into solitary life, delegating power to subordinates, who will perform the 'crude' roles of ordinary leadership example of the Brahmins.

24

How is religion a route of progression?

It is a tool for 'breeding and education'. It allows members of the rabble to overcome their origin, by practising the self-control characteristic of the ascetic ideal.

25

How does religion justify suffering?

It provides the lower classes with meaning and comfort. They are able to 'bear the sight of themselves'. It beautifies their poverty.

26

Explain the claim that religion has 'bred a herd animal'.

Religion venerates those who 'suffer from life as from an illness.' As such, it has led to the degeneration of the human race, by 'preserving too much of what ought to perish'.

27

How does the ascetic ideal allow Slaves to bear suffering?

It gives meaning to their suffering, by providing outlets for their 'resentment' - first, aristocrats can be blamed for their suffering. Secondly, it condemns the body, instincts, desires - our suffering is our punishment for simply existing, for failing to transcend the physical world.