Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

M.H.R School Of Nursing > Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive System Deck (76):
1

Most frequent lesion of the breast

Fibrocystic Breast Condition / Disease

2

Fibrocystic Breast Condition / Disease Age Group

35-50 years

3

Round, palpable lumps that are movable, tender, multiple, bilateral
Larger/ more tender premenstrually

Fibrocystic Breast Condition / Disease

4

most common breast tumor of younger (15-30);

Fibroadenoma

5

most frequently occurring breast mast <25yo. A.A.

Fibroadenoma

6

Non-tender, round, moveable, rubbery unilateral, benign, can grow up to 6 inches

Fibroadenoma

7

Sticky, Nipple D/C,

Mammary Duct Ectasia

8

Mammary Duct Ectasia

• Begnin
• Peri/post menopause
• Duct/ sub-areola area (under nipple)
• Bilateral
• Sticky, Nipple D/C,
• Painless

9

Direct visualization of the cervix

Colposcopy

10

Cavity filled with carbon dioxide causes pain in the right shoulders due to phrenic nerve irritation; same-day surgery; pelvic structures tumors and implants

Laparoscopy

11

Cervix dilated and endometrium scraped

D&C

12

Removal of overgrown uterine lining in from females with DUB who do not respond to medical management and do not want a hysterectomy

Endometrial ablation

13

Endometrial ablation

Not for people who want to remain fertile

14

-Perform the second half of the menstrual cycle post ablation
-may produce cramping after the procedure/ some bleeding
-examine how progesterone is affecting the lining

Endometrial biopsy

15

May also be used on postmenopausal women to determine endometrial cancer

Endometrial biopsy

16

Endometrial biopsy

Piece of the endometrial lining removed for examination to see how progesterone is affecting the lining. performed the second half of the menstrual cycle post ovulation; may produce cramping and some bleeding

17

HSG

Hysterosalpinogram

18

X-ray with contrast looking for obstruction; may produce crib

HSG

19

Culdoscpy

Lighted scope through Vag to ovaries tubes and uterus all reproductive organs

20

LEEP

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure; DX and treat

21

LEEP

Abnormal Pap
Cauterize abnormal tissue
In office procedure
Anesthesia cervix

22

Punch biopsy

Sample of cervix removed with forceps for examination

23

ECC

Scraping of cells from cervical canal

24

Urethra located on the dorsal top side of the penis

Epispadis

25

Treatment for epipadias

surgery done early in life

26

Urethra located on Ventral (bottom) side of penis

Hypospadias

27

Uncircumcised; foreskin constricts and cannot retract due to edema, inflammation, poor hygiene, chronic irritation. eventually this leads to decreased blood supply & necrosis of the penis

Phimosis

28

Causes of phimosis

Edema, inflammation, poor hygiene, chronic irritation

29

Treatment of phimosis

Circumcision

30

Paraphimosis

Edema after foreskin is retracted

31

Causes paraphimosis

Urinary catheter for failing to recover the penis after intercourse

32

Treatment of paraphimosis

Warm compressions/ soaks and/ or surgery.
Teach patient with foreskin to replace foreskin after retraction

33

Inflammation of the foreskin

Posthitis

34

Balanitis

Inflammation of the glans penis

35

Cancer of the penis

Rare; risk increased of uncircumcised with poor hygiene

36

Treatment cancer of the penis

Excisional biopsy (remove entire tumor), penectomy (partial, full), radiation

37

Uncontrolled and maintained long erection that will not go down;
medical emergency, cannot voided all, urinary retention

Priapism

38

Most common intranet scrotal

Epididymitis

39

Painless collection of clear fluid along spermatic cord, interferes with lymphatic drainage producing swelling; men over 21; transilluminated

Hydrocele

40

Clinical manifestations of Testicular Torsion

Extreme excruciating pain radiating to groin, nausea and vomiting,
scrotum red, Warm, edematous
Negative Cremasterce Reflux

41

Cremasterce reflux

Stroke intra. Aspect of thigh --> scrotum retracts

42

Treatment of testicular torsion

Medical emergency
Provide pain meds, release swelling, uncoil. if it doesn't relax on own, surgery is needed

43

Age group for just to skillet cancer

Average age 33-year-old male
Undescended testicles, familial link and DES

44

Painless enlargement of scrotal sac
no pain unless metastasis
not transilluminated
cough, dyspnea, and changes in LOC

Testicular cancer

45

Causes of erectile dysfunction

Most commonly psychological start parentheses depression/self-esteem and parentheses, organic (gradual deterioration - not as firm/correct), and functional

46

Primary dysfunction

Never had an erection

47

Secondary dysfunction

Lost ability to requires a specific situation; normally not a physical issue

48

Menorrhagoa

Excessive bleeding with increased duration, greater than 7days, and/ or amounts of bleeding >80 mL at time of Menses

49

Intramenstrual bleeding

Metorrhagia

50

Mittlescherz

Spotting at time of ovulation; "feeling it"

51

Menorrhagia

May indicate an endometrial cancer

52

DUB

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

53

Abnormal bleeding induration amount of regularity; tx with DNC

DUB

54

Transitional period from reproductive to non-reproductive

Climacteric

55

Physiological cessation of menses associated with failed every

Menopause

56

Diagnostic studies menopause

Low estradiol levels
high FSH and LH levels

57

Hormone replacement therapy

Estrogen days 1 to 25
Progesterone days 16 to 25

58

Thick white Curdy odors discharge

Candidiasis

59

Frothy, green, or Gray malodorous discharge, strawberries

Trichomonas

60

Trichomonas vaginitis

Protozoan, infection of the periurethral glands in males and females
Transmitted sexually, shared bathroom facility

61

Treatments for trichomonas

Flagyl, Treat sexual partner

62

grayish white discharge; fishy odor
no pruritus or burning

Gardenerella

63

Toxic shock syndrome

Toxins secreted by staph aureus into bloodstream; most common in females below the age of 30

64

Toxin introduced via injury to the capillary endothelium altering capillary permeability which allows fluid to leak out of the capillary and decreases blood return to the heart eventually leading to impaired tissue perfusion, tissue hypoxia, & CNS abnormalities

Toxic shock syndrome

65

Toxins damage organs and interfere with clotting cascade increasing bleeding

Toxic shock syndrome

66

Red macular Palmer or feet, or diffuse rash followed by desquamation of skin of hands and feet 1 to 2 weeks after onset of illness

Toxic shock syndrome

67

A sending pelvic infection that produces an inflammatory condition

PID

68

Complications of PID

Sterility, infertility act topic pregnancy peritonitis septic shock and emboli of pelvic veins and abscess

69

Patient teaching for PID

No antacids; take antibiotics: doxycycline
Avoid sexual activity, no douching, analgesics steroids, increase fluids, chief sexual partner

70

First degree uterine prolapse

Cervix breast and vaginal canal

71

Uterus is at vaginal opening

Second-degree uterine prolapse

72

Third degree uterine prolapse

Here is protruding through vaginal opening

73

Herniation of vaginal supports allowing the bladder to bludge into the upper vagina

Cystocele

74

Dragon pain vaginal pressure, sitting on a ball

Cystocele

75

Treatment of cystocele

Keagle's, pessary, HRT, and material: anterior colporrhaphy

76

Rectocele

Rectum to buldge into lower third of vagina; Still softeners and posterior Colporrhaphy