Flashcards in Reproductive System - Female Deck (15)
What are the female gonads?
What is the female duct system?
Where does fertilisation occur?
fertilisation occurs in the ampulla
What are the three main regions of the uterus?
What is the type of secretions from the vagina in adolescents?
What is the type of secretions from the vagina in adults?
What are the functions of the uterus?
- Produce female gametes ova/eggs
- produce hormones - oestrogen & progesterone
- provides an environment for fetus
At what age does puberty start in females?
What does the release of GnRH hormone do in regards t to female puberty?
Needed for sexual maturity & normal reporduction
Increase in oestrogen in women causes:
- enlargement of organs
- widening of pelvis
- growth spirt
What are the 2 phases of the ovarian cycle
phase 1: follicular phase
phase 2: luteal phase
Name the 3 phases of the uterine cycle
1. menstrual phase
2. proliferative phase
3. secretory phase
What are the hormonal changes that happen during menopause?
-thinning of skin and bones
- atrophy of reproductive organs & breasts
- irritability and depression in some
Describe the process of fertilisation
The joining the sperm & ova
- sperm penetrates the corona radiata