Reproductive System - Female Flashcards Preview

Skeletal System > Reproductive System - Female > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive System - Female Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the female gonads?

Ovaries

2

What is the female duct system?

Fallopian tubes

3

Where does fertilisation occur?

fertilisation occurs in the ampulla

4

What are the three main regions of the uterus?

- Body
- Fundus
- Cervix

5

What is the type of secretions from the vagina in adolescents?

Alkaline

6

What is the type of secretions from the vagina in adults?

Acidic

7

What are the functions of the uterus?

- Produce female gametes ova/eggs
- produce hormones - oestrogen & progesterone
- provides an environment for fetus

8

At what age does puberty start in females?

8-13 years

9

What does the release of GnRH hormone do in regards t to female puberty?

Needed for sexual maturity & normal reporduction

10

Increase in oestrogen in women causes:

-breast development
- enlargement of organs
- widening of pelvis
- growth spirt

11

What are the 2 phases of the ovarian cycle

phase 1: follicular phase
phase 2: luteal phase

12

Name the 3 phases of the uterine cycle

1. menstrual phase
2. proliferative phase
3. secretory phase

13

What are the hormonal changes that happen during menopause?

-hot flashes
-thinning of skin and bones
- atrophy of reproductive organs & breasts
- irritability and depression in some

14

Describe the process of fertilisation

The joining the sperm & ova
- sperm penetrates the corona radiata

15

describe the process of implantation

-Begins 6-7 days after ovulation
- completes by day 12 after ovulation
- trophoblast layers in placenta form
- inner cell mass will become the foetus
- trophoblast cells secrete human chonic gonadotropin hormone