Reproductive Systems Flashcards Preview

Histology Fall 2019 > Reproductive Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive Systems Deck (25):
1

4 components and functions of the male reproductive system

Testes: produce spermatozoa and testosterone
Ductal System: carries spermatozoa to the exterior
Secretory Glands: prostate and bulbourethral glands
Penis: organ of copulation

2

male germ cell

spermatozoa

3

route of travel for the male germ cell

seminiferous tubules>rete testis>efferent ductules>epididymis>vas deferens>ejaculatory duct>urethra

4

location of the prostate gland

surrounds the urethra directly below the neck of the bladder

5

type of epithelium in the tubuloalveolar glands of the prostate

pseudostratified columnar epithelium

6

location of the vas deferens

extends from the tail of the epididymis to prostate where it joins the seminal vesicle duct to form the ejaculatory duct

7

3 components of the vas deferens wall

mucosa, muscularis, and adventitia

8

type of epithelium in the lumen of the vas deferens

pseudostratified cilliated columnar

9

describe the tunica albuginea (testis)

tough fibrous capsule, dense irregular connective tissue of the testis

10

location of the epididymis

posterior of the testis

11

3 parts of the epididymis

head, body, tail
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

12

type of epithelium in the testes

complex epithelium made of sertoli cells (simple columnar) and germ cells

13

corpus cavernosa (pen)

two dorsal cylinders of erectile tissue

14

corpus spongiosum (pen)

central ventral cylinder of erectile tissue containing the urethra

15

tunica albuginea (pen)

dense fibrocollagenous sheath that holds the cavernosa and spongiosum together

16

4 components of the female reproductive system

ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina

17

epithelium of the endocervical canal

tall columnar epithelium

18

epithelium of the ectocervix

stratified squamous epithelium

19

amount of oocytes in the ovaries

400,000

20

ovary cortex

outer region of the ovary, includes all the ovarian follicles

21

ovary medulla

inner region of the ovary, contains the larger blood vessels

22

ovary tunica albuginea

basement membrane which separates surface cells from underlying ovarian tissue

23

4 types of follicles

primordial follicle: primary oocyte in outer cortex, squamous epithelium
Primary follicle (maturing), squamous becoming cuboidal
Secondary follicle (maturing)
Graffian follicle (mature)

24

epithelium of the fallopian tube lumen

cilliated columnar epithelium

25

leiomyoma

fibroids; a benign smooth muscle tumor common in the uterus