Flashcards in Reticular Formation Deck (35):
What is the reticular formation?
Continuous network of nerve cells and fibers that extend through the neuroaxis from the SC to the cerebral cortex
- Acts like a fish net that catches collaterals from every ascending or descending system
What are the 7 general functions of the reticular formation?
- Control of skeletal muscle
- Control of somatic/ visceral sensation
- Cortical activation
- Control of ANS
- Control of Endocrine Nervous System with Hypothalamus
What are the 3 portions of the non-cerebellar reticular formation?
- Median longitudinal column
- Medial longitudinal column
- Lateral longitudinal column
What nuclei are found in the median longitudinal columns?
What is the function of the median longtudinal column?
Pain/ motor modulation
What is the size of the median longitudinal column?
What is the function of the medial longitudinal column?
What is the size of the medial longitudinal column?
What is the size of the lateral column?
What is the function of the lateral longitudinal column?
What are the 3 pre-cerebellar longitudinal columns?
- Pontine reticulotegmental
- Paramedian reticular
- Lateral reticular
What is the function of serotonin?
- Mood (happiness, well being)
- Pain modulation
- Memory processing
- Food intake
Is serotonin a neurotransmitter?
Where is serotonin found in the reticular formation?
- Median area of reticular formation
- Dorsal and median raphe nuclei
What are the 5 functions of dopamine?
- Reward/ motivation
- Pleasure/ euphoria
- Motor funciton/ fine tuning
In what 2 areas is dopamine found?
- Substantia nigra
- Ventral tegmental area
What is the function of the substantia nigra?
Facillitate voluntary movement
What is the function of the ventral tegmental area?
- Reinforces adaptive behaviors
Where is norepinephrine found in the reticular formation?
- LOCUS COERULEUS
- Pontine and medullary groups
What is the function of norepinephrine?
- Sleep wake cycles
- Brain metabolism
What type of stimuli activates norepinephrine?
Unexpected, non-painful sensory stimuli
What may result from an excess of norepinephrine?
What may result from a deficiency of norepinephrine?
What are the 3 major contributers to a balanced mood from the 3 neurochemicals involved in the reticular formation?
What results from a combination of dopamine and serotonin?
What results from a combination of dopamine and norepinephrine?
What results from a combination of serotonin and norepinephrine?
What are the 2 types of ACh receptors?
What 2 nuclei groups make up the basal forebrain complex?
- Medial septal nuclei
- Basal nuclei of Meynert
What does the basal forebrain complex supply?
What nuclei are found within the pontomesencephalotegmental complex?
What do the pedunclopontine nuclei act on?
The dorsal thalamus (sets the threshold)
What is the role of ACh in the reticular formation?
- Regulation of excitability of sensory relay neurons and ARAS (acts as gatekeeper)
- Maintain attention
- Promotes REM sleep
What is the function of histamine in the reticular formation?
- Activation of sympathetic nervous system
- Stress related release of hormones from pituitary
- Stress related release of central aminergic neurotransmitters
- Water retention
- Supression of eating