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Flashcards in Rev. War and Constitution Test Deck (28):

French + Indian War

war before the Rev war
aka 7 years war
French + Indians vs. the British over LAND- British won and gained the land


Proclamation of 1763

Natives are either dead, gone, or pacified in the 13 colonies territory
King of England tells the colonists not to go out West bc the Natives there are savages
Colonists belonged to England- British citizens
Colonists are ticked off "who are you to tell us not to go out there?"
The 13 colonies are like children and Daddy (the King of England" gave them rules they didn't like



called Acts
F + I war was very expensive sending Britain in to debt
Started taxing the colonists
protesting and boycotting
British feels superior to the colonists which adds to the anger of the colonies
No taxation without representation
Physical acts and violence


The Boston Massacre

1770 British redcoats were guarding a tax house
colonists were harassing the soldiers
one redcoat lost it and started shooting
earthquake in the colonies
2.5 million colonists- 1/3 loyalists, 1/3 patriots, 1/3 could care less


The Boston Tea Party

Colonists dress up as "savages" and pour tea off 3 ships into the Boston harbor
Colonists were v ticked off
protests made the british even more angry
-smacked down on the city of boston by closing down ports, importing more soldiers, etc which increased the tension + anger


Lexington and Concord

started revolutionary war april 1775
colonists stored military equipment in concord which scared the Brits so they marched to steal the goods
Paul Revere "the British are coming"
British have to go through Lexington but the citizens refuse to let the redcoats through
"shot heard around the world" led to 8 deaths
Caused other Kings around the world to fear their citizens would also revolt
Brits found nothing so they turned back


The Minutemen

volunteer soldiers for the Americans supposed to be ready in 1 min after hearing the church bell ring
thousands in every town


Declaration of Independence

July 4th 1776
written post war
colonists felt they needed to explain why they were taking on the most powerful country
Thomas Jefferson (VA) - racist, sexist, homophobic, male
53 signatures
Brits viewed this as treason and hung whoever they caught
Our gov. stemmed from the Enlightenment
Written in PA


Staying Alive

washington at valley forge 1777
moral is low so washington had to come up with a plan didn't have to win but couldn't lose
Brits eventually got tired after 8 years
kept raising taxes so washington left PA and attacked in Trenton NJ on Christmas Eve


The Hessians

Both sides needed help from other countries
Hessians are from Germany paid by the British bc they are losing soldiers


The French

hated the brits
gave us 90% of our gunpowder and general lafayette
without the French, Lafayette, and their fighting tips the war would've lasted way longer
Lafayette College in PA


A long way from home

Brits were top dog at that time so how did they lose?
1= long way from home, long supply line
2= Americans knew the land better than the British and it was so much land to conquer


The Battle of Yorktown, VA 1781

Last battle of the war
British surrendered
Last battle but not the official end of the war


The Treaty of Paris 1783

Two years later the peace treaty was signed and American became America= True birth of the USA so why don't we party over this?
it wasn't signed here it was signed in France


The Articles of the Confederation

1st gov.
threw them away- not strong enough rules for the group of states
no judicial system, no power to tax


Shay's rebellion

1783 sends message that a stonger gov is needed
Daniel Shays fought against the Brits in the Rev. war
comes home to MA to find out he'll be taxed
starts a rebellion
burns down the state capital
MA army puts down the rebellion


The US Constitution

miracle in PA 1787
leaders finally realized they needed a stronger gov.
best + the brightest founding Fathers went to Independence hall


Federalists vs. Anti-federalists

Patrick Henry screamed " I smell a rat" @ the constitutional convention
people throughout this new gov. would be like the King George III
would rather have a too loose gov tan a strict one


The Great Compromise

big argument about how many representatives each state would have
two legislatures= senate and house of reps
each state has two senators
# of reps determined by the population


The 3/5 compromise

South wanted slaves to be counted in their population
for every 5 slaves you could count 3 as part of the population
people wanted as many reps so they would have more say in the laws being passed


Checks and balances

rules written in the C allowing the branches to limit the power of the other branches
veto, impeach, passing a bill
ex. Legislative can impeach the President


The Bill of Rights 1791

made the Anti-Federalists happy convincing them the constitution will be ok
protecting the people from the abuses of the gov, made them sign
1st amendment= most important, freedom of speech, religion, right of people
2nd amendment= right to bear arms
3rd amendment= quartering act soldiers can't invite themselves into your house


The Four Parts of our Constitution

1. The preamble...we the people
2. the seven articles
3. the bill of rights...first 10 amendments
4. the other amendments


The Cabinet

Advisors that every president appoints
ex. Hillary clinton= secretary of state
Gary Locke= secretary of commerce


The Electoral College

the way we elect our presidents (weird)
system people wanted to get rid of
take # of senators from your state, and add it to the # of house of reps in your state
add them up to get electoral vote


Government by paper will not work!

Everybody besides us did not the the C wouldn't work
just a piece of paper won't last for 20 years
should have a king
C is a start not a finish


Many countries inspired

started leaving Kings and had rules written on paper, liked what the US C had


Important to know

Impeachment- Andrew Johnson 1800s
Bill Clinton 1900s
doesn't mean you're kicked out of office you go to the house of reps, if they think you did something bad enough you would be impeached
both were impeached but saved
Richard Nixon did something wrong, knew he'd be impeached, and resigned
Veto- power president has over the congress to say no to a congressional Bill
Over-riding a veto- it goes back to Congress and the house of reps want it so the presidents can't say no twice