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Flashcards in REVIEW TEST4 LAB Deck (46)
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1

Renal pyramid

Transport urine from nephrons to calyces

2

Glomerulus

Primary filtration unit of kidney
GFR measure overall renal function

3

Bowmans capsule

First step of filtration

4

Proximal convoluted tubule

Reabsorption of glucose + amino acid, Na + water.

5

Descending nephron loop

Reabsorption of water by osmosis

6

Ascending nephron loop

Reabsorption of Na, Cl, K

7

Distal convoluted tubule

Aldosterone cause reabsorption of Na and water
ADH cause reabsorption of water

8

Collecting tubule/duct

Collect urine from DCT of nephron
Aldosterone cause reabsorption of Na, ADH cause reabsorption of water
Secretion of potassium

9

Minor calyx

Drain urine from renal pyramid to major calyx

10

Major calyx

Drain urine from minor calyx to ureter

11

Abdominal aorta

Supply oxygenated blood to abdominal/ pelvic organs

12

Renal artery

Carries oxygenated blood to kidney

13

Vasa recta

Capillaries maintain countercurrent exchange between Vasa recta and loop of Henle, work together to filter blood to concentrate urine

14

Kidney
(6)

excretion
regulation of blood volume and pressure
Concentration of solute in blood : Na, CL, K, Ca, Hco3, phosphate
regulate extracellular fluid pH
regulate RBC synthesis =secrete erythropoietin
Activate Vitamin D

15

Adrenal gland
(6)

Cortex secrete:
Androgen
Corticosteroid
Mineralocorticoids / aldostrone

Medulla produce:
Epinephrine / adrenaline
Norepinephrine
Dopamine

16

Ureter

Transport urine from kidney to bladder

17

Bladder

Store urine and expels urine into urethra

17

Urethra

Transport urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

18

Prostate gland

Secretes portion of semen

19

Seminal vesicles / gland (orange)

Hold liquid to mix with sperm to form semen

20

Ductus deferens

Transport sperm from epididymis to ejaculatory ducts for ejaculation

21

Scrotum

House testis
Regulate temperature to keep testis temp slightly slightly cooler than body temp

22

Penis

1. Discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract during sex
2. Part of male urinary system

23

Testis

Produce sperm, androgens, testosterone

24

Sperm

Head, midpiece, tail
Head contains nucleus, enzyme to penetrate an egg

25

Rectum

Absorb electrolyte: Na, K, Cl
Decompose waste by anaerobic bacteria

26

Bulbourethral gland
(Cowper's gland)

Add fluid to semen during the ejaculation

27

Ovary

Produce oocytes
Produce estrogen and progesterone

28

Ovum (ova=plural)

Mature female germ cell that is ready to fuse with male germ cell

29

Fallopian tube (uterine tube)

Transport ovum from ovary to uterus each month
Transport fertilized egg to uterus for implantation