Rhetorical Fallacies Flashcards Preview

English Language > Rhetorical Fallacies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rhetorical Fallacies Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

guile or trickery or a false or a mistaken idea; have the appearance of truth but are erroneous

fallacy

2

"to the man;" an argument that criticizes an idea by pointing something out about the person who holds the idea rather than directly addressing the actual merit of the idea

ad hominem argument

3

tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the authority of a famous person or entity on his/her own character (when the writers are well-known)

argument from authority/argument from false authority

4

based on assumption that whatever has not been proven false must be true (or what has not been proven true must be false)

appeal to ignorance

5

argument in which someone assumes that parts (or all) of what the person claims to be proving are proven facts; vouching for/accepting as true a concept that isn't proven

begging the question

6

a statement that does not logically relate to what comes before it

non sequitur

7

a consideration of only the two extremes when there are one or more intermediate possibilities

false dichotomy

8

suggests dire consequences from relatively minor causes; "give an inch, they take a mile"

slippery slope

9

the sometimes unintentional setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists; one event can happen after another without the first necessarily being the direct cause of the second

faulty causality

10

an oversimplification of an opponent's argument to make it easier to attack

straw man argument

11

help explain that causal arguments are often flawed because the opposite is just as plausible

reverse causation

12

a tactic that attempts to appeal to the hearts of readers so that they forget to use their minds

sentimental appeals

13

attempts to shift attention away from an important issue by introducing an issue that has no logical connection to the discussion at hand

red herring

14

used to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often used when the speaker does not have logical arguments to fall back on

scare tactics

15

encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does

bandwagon appeals

16

doesn't allow for the discussion because the speaker presumes that his/her beliefs are beyond question; "I'm correct because I'm correct"

dogmatism

17

telling part of the truth while deliberately hiding the entire truth; similar to lying by omission

equivocation

18

an illogical, misleading comparison between two things

faulty analogy