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Flashcards in Words and Their Use Deck (41)
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1

word choice

diction

2

the ordering of words for a sentence; describes sentence structure

syntax

3

manner of expression; describes how author uses language to get his or her point across (e.g. pedantic, scientific, emotive)

style

4

attitude, mood, or sentiments revealed by the style; describes how author seems to be feeling (e.g. optimistic, ironic, playful

tone

5

stance revealed by the style and tone of the writing; expresses author's position on topic discussed; could be as simple as "1st person narrator"

point of view

6

art of speaking or writing effectively; stylistic devices used to appeal successfully to a specific audience; persuasive in nature

rhetoric

7

speech or writing that departs from literal meaning to achieve a special effect or meaning

figurative language

8

a classical appeal to reason and logic; provides objective evidence, hard facts, statistics, or logical strategies (like cause and effect) to back up a claim

logos

9

a classical appeal to speaker's credibility; whether author is to be believed on basis of character and expertise; ethics

ethos

10

classical appeal to emotions, values, or desires of the audience; root of what means suffering from inferiority

pathos

11

figurative language used to convey a sensory (visual, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory) perception; synonymous with figurative language

imagery

12

overstatement or exaggeration; use of figurative language that significantly exaggerates the facts for effect; often employed for comic effect

hyperbole

13

figurative language that presents the facts in a way that makes them appear much less significant than they really are; almost always used for comic effect

understatement

14

comparison between two unlike objects, in which the two parts are connected with a term such as like or as

simile

15

a simile without a connecting term such as like or as

metaphor

16

a metaphor that lasts for longer than just one phrase or sentence

extended metaphor

17

word that represents something other than itself; meant to conjure up an another object or element

symbol

18

a word's primary or literal significance

denotation

19

refers to the vast range of other meanings that a word suggests; context and author's intent helps determine the appropriate version

connotation

20

an apparent contradiction of terms; almost always involve only brief phrases

oxymoron

21

an apparent contradiction of ideas or statements; involves situations in longer phrases

paradox

22

figurative device in which inanimate objects or concepts are given human qualities

personification

23

specific type of personification wherein animals are given human qualities (think of Aesop's fables)

anthropomorphism

24

a question whose answer is obvious; types of questions that don't need to be answered and usually aren't; attempt to prove something without actually presenting an argument; sometimes used as form of irony

rhetorical question

25

language that is overly rhetorical (pompous) especially when considered in context; often used by pedantic people (ostentatious learning users)

bombast

26

a play on words; plays on the multiple meanings of a word or replaces one word with another that is similar in sound but very different in meaning; almost always used for comedic effect

pun

27

use of figurative language where one term is substituted for another term with which it is associated

metonymy

28

form of metonymy that's restricted to cases where a part is used to signify the whole

synecdoche

29

a general idea contained in a text; either stated explicitly or only suggested; idea that is developed throughout the text

theme

30

a concise, forcefully expressive statement of an opinion or a general truth

aphorism

31

the unintentional use of a word that resemble the word intended but has a very different meaning

malapropism

32

talking around a subject or talking around a word

circumlocution

33

word or words that are used to avoid employing an unpleasant or offensive term

euphemism

34

the process of stating something but meaning the opposite of what is stated

verbal irony

35

a set of circumstances that wind up the opposite of how the reader would expect them to turn out or how the characters had planned

irony

36

verbal irony used with the intent to injure

sarcasm

37

a situation that runs contrary to what was expected

situational irony

38

when something is portrayed in a way that's deliberately distorted to achieve comic effect; a critique of what is being mocked; a social or political criticism that relies heavily on irony, sarcasm, and often humor

satire

39

imitation for comic effect

parody

40

sharp ridicule of the behavior or character of a person or institution

lampoon

41

a ludicrous exaggeration of the defects of persons or things

caricature