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Flashcards in Rizal in Ateneo Deck (257):
1

RIZAL’S STUDENT DAYS IN THE ATENEO MUNICIPAL

1872-1877

2

The ___________ first came to the Philippines in 1581

Spanish Jesuits

3

____________ forced the Jesuits out of the country and all Spanish dominions

King Charles III (1768)

4

___________ formally declared the dissolution of the Society of Jesus in 1773

Pope Clement XIV

5

In 1814, ________ signed the Constitution “Sollicitudo Ecclesiarum” restoring the Jesuit Order world-wide.

Pope Pius VII

6

In 1814, Pope Pius VII signed the Constitution “_____________” restoring the Jesuit Order world-wide.

Sollicitudo Ecclesiarum

7

October 19, 1852, __________ signed a royal cedula assigning the Jesuits to the Philippines

Queen Isabella II

8

June 14, 1859, The ______ arrived in the Philippines

Jesuits

9

Ten _____, six _______, and four _______________ arrived in the Philippines

Jesuits
priests
coadjutor brothers

10

August 5, 1859, the __________ or the city council requested the ___________ for a Jesuit school financed by public money.

ayuntamiento
Governor-General

11

________________ asked the Jesuits to take over the Escuela Pia, a boys’ primary school in Manila.

Gov. Fernando de Norzagaray

12

Gov. Fernando de Norzagaray asked the Jesuits to take over the _________, a boys’ primary school in Manila.

Escuela Pia

13

a boys’ primary school in Manila.

Escuela Pia

14

October 1, 1859, the Governor-General signed the decree transferring the _____________ to the Jesuits.

Escuela Pia

15

November 25, 1859, the __________________ was approved.

first set of rules of the new school (former Escuela Pia)

16

December 7, they bought a building facing the ____________ for use as classrooms

Casa Mision

17

December 10, classes opened at the “______________”

Escuela Municipal

18

Rector of Escuela Municipal

Father Cuevas

19

Prefect of Studies of Escuela Municipal

Father Jose Ignacio Guerrico

20

Prefect of Discipline of Escuela Municipal

Bro. Venancio Belzunce

21

Teachers of Escuela Municipal

Frs. Ramon Barua and Eusebio Barrado

22

1862, __________ believed he had the men to carry out the Jesuit Ratio Studiorum, or plan of studies, for the new school

Father Cuevas

23

Plan of studies, for the new school (Escuela Municipal)

Jesuit Ratio Studiorum

24

They planned to raise the Escuela to the rank of a secondary school and later on called it “____________”

Ateneo Municipal

25

inferior class was divided into 2 sections namely:

Inferior A
Inferior B

26

studied the essentials of Spanish grammar and arithmetic

Inferior A

27

added universal history and the geography of Oceania and the Philippines.

Inferior B

28

Religion, Conduct, Urbanidad, Reading, Writing, the essentials of Bible history, and universal geography

Infima and Inferior

29

history, geography, Spanish literary style and composition, arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.

media class

30

algebra, geometry, besides trigonometry, botany and zoology

superior class

31

physics, astronomy, chemistry, mineralogy, and geology

suprema class

32

Daily classes lasted for _________ hours in the morning, and _____ hours in the afternoon

3
2

33

There are regular __________, and _______ as well as _____________ at the end of the year

monthly examinations
private
public examinations

34

The deserving received _____________

medals and prizes (books, laurel wreaths)

35

The misdemeanors received _____________

punishments (suspension, kneeling for a moderate time, exile to a separate seat from the rest, or wearing a card describing the fault)

36

Character of Student (Jesuit System of Education)

Rigid discipline and religious instruction

37

subjects where they aim to develop the child (Jesuit System of Education)

Physical culture, humanities and science

38

where Rizal was enrolled; academic (Jesuit System of Education)

Bachelor of Arts curriculum

39

other courses offered; vocational (Jesuit System of Education)

Agriculture, commerce, mechanics, and surveying

40

Emphasized through masses and prayers before and after class (Jesuit System of Education)

Religion

41

Uniform (Jesuit System of Education)

white coat “rayadillo”
striped shirt
black tie
cream-colored hempen trousers

42

Two empires (Ateneo)

Roman Empire and Carthaginian Empire

43

internos (boarders)

Roman Empire

44

externos (non-boarders)

Carthaginian Empire

45

Ranks (empires in ateneo)

“Emperor”;best
“Tribune”; second best
“Decurion”; third best
“Centurion”;fourth best
“Standard-bearer”;fifth best

46

best (rank in empires in ateneo)

Emperor

47

second best (rank in empires in ateneo)

Tribune

48

third best (rank in empires in ateneo)

Decurion

49

fourth best (rank in empires in ateneo)

Centurion

50

fifth best (rank in empires in ateneo)

Standard-bearer

51

Banners (empires in ateneo)

Red for the Romans
Blue for the Carthaginians

52

First defeat

banner of the losing party was transferred to the left side of the room

53

Second defeat

banner was placed in an inferior position to the right side

54

Third defeat

inclined flag was placed on the left

55

Fourth defeat

flag was reversed and returned to the right

56

Fifth defeat

reversed flag was placed on the left

57

Sixth defeat

banner was changed with a figure of a donkey

58

Rizal found the system (empires) _____________

very much to his liking

59

Why did rizal like the system?

every student was given a fighting
chance to excel in all subjects regardless
of color or station in life

60

Had a reputation of treating the Filipino students as Spaniards

Ateneo Municipal

61

How did Ateneo differ from other colleges at that time?

the Jesuits priests did not, as in some other colleges of the time, make the Filipino students by and large, provincianos, lie on petites on the floor and eat on low tables “dulang” with their fingers

62

He refused to admit Rizal

Father Magin Fernando S.J.

63

Why did Father Magin Fernando S.J. refuse to admit Rizal?

late enrollment
physically weak and undersized for his age, eleven

64

Spaniard nephew of Fr. Jose Burgos to whom Rizal seek for recommendation

Dr. Manuel Xerez Burgos

65

first of his family to adopt the surname

Jose Rizal

66

enrolled name to avoid suspicions of the Spanish authorities by family name “Mercado”

Jose Rizal

67

Paciano had used “Mercado” as his surname at the ____________ and he was known to the authorities as __________ favorite student and confidant

College of San Jose
Father Burgos’

68

old site in the Walled City

Intramuros

69

burned down

Intramuros

70

splendid educators

Spanish Jesuits

71

prestige as an excellent college for boys

Spanish Jesuits

72

College of San Juan de Letran

Dominicans

73

charity school

Escuela Pia

74

a school for poor boys in Manila

Escuela Pia

75

management of the Jesuits

Escuela Pia

76

expelled from the Philippines in 1768, returned to Manila in 1859

Jesuits

77

with discipline, method, and work schedule

Rizal in Ateneo

78

trained himself for his sacred apostolate

Rizal in Ateneo

79

conduct himself with excellence

Rizal in Ateneo

80

without selfish or materialistic motives

Rizal in Ateneo

81

moved by the spirit of self-abnegation

Rizal in Ateneo

82

Where rizal boarded (1st year)

Caraballo Street

83

outside Intramuros, 25-minute walk from school with Pastor Millena

Caraballo Street

84

family friend

Tandang Titay

85

paying off a Php 300 debt to the Mercados by taking in Jose as boarder and whose mother lived with them

Tandang Titay

86

making Jose play for stakes to win money for herself

Tandang Titay

87

Jose learned “________” by watching Tandang Titay

pangginge

88

Rizal’s First Day

Mass at the college chapel

89

Rizal's class (first day, first year)

great number of boys; Spaniards,
mestizos and Filipinos

90

Teachers of Jose (first day, first year)

Fr. Jose Bech
Fr. Francisco Paula Sanchez
Fr. Villaclara

91

first professor; unpredictable

Fr. Jose Bech

92

favorite mentor

Fr. Francisco Paula Sanchez

93

liked him very much unaccountably sought to discourage the boy’s devotion to the Muses

Fr. Villaclara

94

Classmates (first day, first year)

Florencio Gavino Oliva
Joaquin Garrido
Moises Santiago
Gonzalo Marzana

95

the talented but indolent

Florencio Gavino Oliva

96

diligent Spanish mestizo; poor memory

Joaquin Garrido

97

mathematician

Moises Santiago

98

bright & friendly; became the “Emperor of the Romans”

Gonzalo Marzana

99

Why was Jose at the bottom of his class at first?

newcomer and knew little Spanish

100

After a week, Rizal _________________

progresses rapidly

101

At the end of the month, Rizal was _______________________

Emperor of the Carthaginians

102

How did Rizal become at the top of his class?

achieved by studying Spanish at midday/Siesta time at the Santa Isabel College for 3 pesos a month

103

first prize ever won at Ateneo

Saint’s portrait

104

for his fast status progress and being the brightest pupil in class

Saint’s portrait

105

During the Second Half of his First Year, Rizal ________________________

Lost interest

106

Why did rizal lose interest during the second half of his first year?

- harsh words from a professor
- passed all subjects, not too hardworking
- “Excellent”

107

Rizal's final grade at the end of the year

“Accesit”
- “Excellent”
placed second in class
- no prize

108

During the summer vacation, __________________________________

Rizal returned to Calamba
did not enjoy his vacation
- mother was in prison

109

Neneng brought Rizal with
her to cheer him up

Tanauan

110

visits mother in prison; gladly embraced her son

Santa Cruz

111

gave Dona Teodora the news that he had received an accesit

Santa Cruz

112

Where rizal boarded (after summer vacation)

6 Magallanes Street
inside Intramuos

113

old widow; lived with her daughter, also a widow, Doña Encarnacion, and other four sons, Jose, Rafael, Ignacio and Ramon

Doña Pepay (6 Magallanes Street)

114

Second Year in Ateneo

(1873-74)

115

During his second year, Rizal was ____________

Emperor

116

repented having neglected his studies the previous year

Second Year in Ateneo

117

He studied harder

Second Year in Ateneo

118

regained his lost class leadership

Second Year in Ateneo

119

Rizal's new

Justiniano Jao-jocco, Angel and Santiago Carrillo

120

three boys from Biñan who had been his classmates in the school of Maestro Justiniano

Justiniano Jao-jocco, Angel and Santiago Carrillo

121

End of the Year (Second Year in Ateneo)

excellent grades in all subjects
“gold medal”
triumphantly returned to Calamba in March for summer vacation
twelve years old

122

Prophecy of Mother’s Release

Rizal visits his mother again
he interpreted her dream
as meaning that she would
be set free in “three months”
and came true

123

Rizal “Like another Joseph”

likened by his mother in his ability to interpret dreams

124

Third Year in Ateneo

1874-75

125

Board & Lodging (Third Year in Ateneo )

House with his brother Paciano
together with a rich town mate called Quintero

126

June 1874

Opening of classes for his junior year
Mother set free from prison

127

Third Year in Ateneo

One medal in Latin
Failure to achieve medal in Spanish
failed to win because his spoken Spanish was not fluently sonorous
beaten by a Spaniard, who, naturally, could speak Spanish with fluency and with right accentuation
“Excellent” in all subjects

128

Board & Lodging
After two months
(Third Year in Ateneo)

left his lodgings and returned to his old landlady Doña Pepay
occupied a room vacated

129

March 1875

End of the Year (Third Year in Ateneo)

130

Calamba summer vacation

End of Third Year in Ateneo (March 1875)

131

Rizal was not impressed by his scholastic work and returned dissatisfied to his hometown

End of Third Year in Ateneo (March 1875)

132

Board at Ateneo

the family fearing he was neglecting his studies, decided to make him a boarder at college
they hoped that in new surroundings, and meeting new friends, his spirits would somehow be lifted

133

Fourth year in Ateneo

1875-1876

134

Rizal became a boarder in Ateneo

Fourth year in Ateneo

135

When he was 13 years old, he was slightly bow-legged and had a large head for his frail body

Fourth year in Ateneo

136

a model of rectitude, solitude, and devotion to his pupil’s progress

Father Francisco de Paula Sanchez

137

Under him, Rizal studied Mathematics, Rhetoric, and Greek with some profit.

Father Francisco de Paula Sanchez

138

asked him to sculpt a statue of Sacred Heart of Jesus

P.Lleonart

139

His teacher in sculpture

Romualdo de Jesus

140

director of the Academy of Drawing and Painting in Manila, and a professor at Ateneo

Don Agustin Saez

141

Rizal’s teacher in solfeggio, drawing and in painting

Don Agustin Saez

142

At the end of the year (Fourth year in Ateneo), he was awarded ______________

five medals

143

Fifth year in Ateneo

1876-1877

144

Rizal was already a philosopher

Fifth year in Ateneo

145

He was studying philosophy, physics, chemistry and biology

Fifth year in Ateneo

146

In his spare time, he cultivated poetry under the direction of Father Sanchez

Fifth year in Ateneo

147

In his spare time, he cultivated poetry under the direction of __________________________

Father Sanchez

148

He graduated on March 23, 1877 with a degree of ___________ at the age of ____

bachelor of arts
15

149

He obtained the highest mark ____________ in all of his subjects

Sobresaliente (Excellent)

150

It was during the ______________ when Rizal began to take interest in reading Romantic novels.

summer vacation in Calamba

151

a thrilling novel that made a deep impression on Rizal

“The Count of Monte Cristo”
by Alexander Dumas

152

hero of the story (The Count of Monte Cristo)

Edmond Dantes

153

He also read ___________.

non-fictions

154

a very costly set

“Universal History”
by Cesar Cantu

155

According to Rizal, this valuable work was of great aid in his studies and enabled him to win more prizes in the Ateneo Municipal.

“Universal History”
by Cesar Cantu

156

stimulated Rizal’s interest in Theological issues

“Universal History”
by Cesar Cantu

157

made deep impressions on Rizal

“Travels in the Philippines”
by Dr. Feodor Jagor

158

the author’s deep observations of the defects of Spanish colonization

“Travels in the Philippines”
by Dr. Feodor Jagor

159

his [Jagor] prophecy that someday Spain would lose the Philippines and that America would come to succeed as colonizer.

“Travels in the Philippines”
by Dr. Feodor Jagor

160

Upon the release of Donya Teodora, Rizal was motivated to ________________.

write poems

161

a greeting on the occasion of his mother’s birthday

“Mi Primera Inspiracion”
(My First Inspiration)

162

showed his filial affection in deep, resonant verses

“Mi Primera Inspiracion”
(My First Inspiration)

163

professor of Natural Sciences & Philosophy

FR. JOSE VILLACLARA, S.J.

164

advised Rizal to stop communing with the Muses and pay more attention to more practical studies.

FR. JOSE VILLACLARA, S.J.

165

Rizal heed his advice and instead, solicited Fr. Sanchez’ help to improve his poetry.

FR. JOSE VILLACLARA, S.J.

166

a great educator & scholar

FR. FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ, S.J.

167

“ a model of rectitude, solicitude, and devotion to his pupils’ progress.”

FR. FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ, S.J.

168

Rizal’s most beloved professor in Ateneo

FR. FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ, S.J.

169

inspired and encouraged young Rizal to study harder & write poetry

FR. FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ, S.J.

170

improved Rizal’s poetical arts by opening his mind to the enriching influences of world’s literature.

FR. FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ, S.J.

171

as requested by his siblings to greet Antonio Lopez – husband of his sister Narcisa

Felicitacion
(Felicitation

172

Rizal's other poems


“Felicitacion”
(Felicitation)

“El Embarque: Himno a la Flota de Magallanes”
(The Departure: Hymn to Magallanes’ Fleet)

“Y Es Español: Elcano, el Primero en dar la Vuelta al Mundo”
(And he is Spanish: Elcano, the first to Circumnavigate the World)

“El Combate: Urbiztondo, Terror de Jolo”
(The Battle: Urbiztondo, Terror of Jolo)

“Al Niño Jesus”
(To the Child Jesus)

“A la Virgen Maria”
(To the Virgin Mary)


173

In 1876, he wrote poems on various topics: (4)

Religion
Education
Childhood memories
War

174

written during his leisure time at school, within 3 months

“La Tragedia de San Eustaquio”
(The Tragedy of Saint Eustace)

175

longest poem written then – 2, 414 verses

“La Tragedia de San Eustaquio”
(The Tragedy of Saint Eustace)

176

In 1877, he wrote more poems in ___________________.

his last year in the Ateneo Municipal

177

very emotional poem

“Un Recuerdo a Mi Pueblo”
(In Memory of My Town)

178

about his love and concern to his hometown – Calamba, Laguna

“Un Recuerdo a Mi Pueblo”
(In Memory of My Town)

179

poem of praise to Columbus’ heroic discovery of America

“El Heroismo de Colon”
(The Heroism of Columbus)

180

how King John II of Portugal failed to gain popularity and wealth by not financing the expedition of Columbus to the “New World”.

“Colon y Juan II”
(Columbus and John II)

181

believed in the significant role which education plays in the progress and welfare of a nation.

“Por la Educacion Recibe Lustre la Patria”
(Through Education the Country Receives Light)

182

he knew that the most fundamental problem of the Philippines in respect of improvement of conditions - IGNORANCE

“Por la Educacion Recibe Lustre la Patria”
(Through Education the Country Receives Light)

183

meaningful and a good read for a poetic mind

“Alianza Intima Entre la Religion y la Buena Educacion”
(Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education)

184

importance of religion in education

“Alianza Intima Entre la Religion y la Buena Educacion”
(Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education)

185

to him, education without God is not true education

“Alianza Intima Entre la Religion y la Buena Educacion”
(Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education)

186

about the battle of Lucena

“El Cautivero y El Triumfe”
(The Defeat and Triumph)

187

the defeat and imprisonment of Boabdil

“El Cautivero y El Triumfe”
(The Defeat and Triumph)

188

a product of his readings in “El Ultimo Abencerrage” when he was 12

“El Cautivero y El Triumfe”
(The Defeat and Triumph)

189

a legend in verse of the voyage of Columbus

“Gran Consuelo en la Mayor Desdicha”
(Great Comfort in Great Misfortune)

190

triumphant entry of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel in Granada, Spain.

“La Entrada Triunfal de los Reyes Catholicos en Granada”
(The Triumphal Entry of the Catholic Monarchs into Granada)

191

last poem Rizal wrote in Ateneo

“Un Dialogo Alusino a la Despedida de los Colegiales”
(A Farewell Dialogue of the Students)

192

poignant poem of farewell to his classmates

“Un Dialogo Alusino a la Despedida de los Colegiales”
(A Farewell Dialogue of the Students)

193

carved by Rizal in a hardwood called batikuling
using his pocket knife

Image of OUR VIRGIN MARY

194

requested by Fr. Lleonart, S.J. an old Jesuit (who was pleased later on)

Image of SACRED HEART OF JESUS

195

Ateneo boarders placed the sculpture on the door of their dormitory (for nearly 20 years)

Image of SACRED HEART OF JESUS

196

noted Filipino sculptor

ROMUALDO DE JESUS

197

Rizal’s teacher in carving

ROMUALDO DE JESUS

198

played a significant role in Rizal’s last hours in Fort Santiago

Image of SACRED HEART OF JESUS

199

famous Spanish painter

DON AUGUSTIN SAEZ

200

taught Rizal in “solfeggio”, painting and drawing

DON AUGUSTIN SAEZ

201

Director of the Academy of Drawing and Painting in Manila

DON AUGUSTIN SAEZ

202

Rizal, to develop his weak body, engaged in: (3)

GYMNASTICS
FENCING
NATIVE WRESTLING

203

Rizal’s physical trainer

UNCLE MANUEL

204

Prayerful invocations

Memorias

205

Expressions of trust in God

Memorias

206

Numerous references to his having prayed to God in private or at Mass

Memorias

207

Implored the aid of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Memorias

208

Promoter of the Apostleship of Prayer

Memorias

209

Daily attendance of Holy Mass

ATENEO PROGRAM OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

210

Monthly confession and communion

ATENEO PROGRAM OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

211

Fortnightly spiritual conference

ATENEO PROGRAM OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

212

Weekly catechetical instruction*

ATENEO PROGRAM OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

213

Chanting of litanies

ATENEO PROGRAM OF RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES

214

Rizal received intellectual training and formation in scholastic philosophy.

In Ateneo and later in UST

215

took courses in scholastic philosophy, which included logic, metaphysics, and ethics, under Father Villaclara.

Last/5th year in Ateneo

216

religious instruction classes at the Ateneo

Doctrina Cristiana y Moral

217

principal instrument of his theological formation.

Doctrina Cristiana y Moral

218

He became familiar with the writings of _________________________

Don Felix Sarda y Salvany

219

Historia Universal

by Cesare Cantu

220

by Cesare Cantu

Historia Universal

221

Courageous defender of the rights of the Church

Cesare Cantu

222

Personal friend of Pope Pius IX

Cesare Cantu

223

Only layman to attend the First Vatican Council

Cesare Cantu

224

Providential structure of history as the world moves forward to higher levels of unity and civilization under the leadership of the Church and the papacy

Cesare Cantu

225

Catalan diocesan priest

Don Felix Sarda y Salvany

226

Student of the Jesuits ( a loyal friend as well)

Don Felix Sarda y Salvany

227

Passionate orator and profilic propagandist

Don Felix Sarda y Salvany

228

Known for his CRUSADE AGAINST LIBERALISM

Don Felix Sarda y Salvany

229

manual of the ultra-conservative Integrist Party

El liberalism es pecado

230

arrived from Spain to stay at the Ateneo Municipal for about a year (1875-1876)

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

231

SUBPREFECT – Ateneo boarders

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

232

DIRECTOR – Congregacion Mariana

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

233

spiritual guide and director

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

234

“one who had guided conscience in much more propitious times”

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

235

had very special and profound relationship with Rizal

FR. PABLO PASTELLS, S.J.

236

now known as the Christian Life Communities

CONGREGACION MARIANA
(Sodality of Our Lady)

237

an association limited to boys who showed great virtue and intelligence

CONGREGACION MARIANA
(Sodality of Our Lady)

238

Rizal was secretary – from being a member.

CONGREGACION MARIANA
(Sodality of Our Lady)

239

gathered on Sundays and celebrated the Holy Mass together

CONGREGACION MARIANA
(Sodality of Our Lady)

240

ordered to go to the provincial prison, which was is Santa Cruz, by foot instead of the usual way which was by boat.

DONYA TEODORA

241

There was a disagreement with Jose Alberto and his wife then it led to the wife pressing charges to Jose Alberto and _____________- for attemted murder

Dona Teodora

242

The lieutenant captured Dona Teodora with the help of the Gobernadorcillo of Calamba, _____________.

Antonio Vivencio del Rosario

243

Donya Teodora's lawyers were _________________ and _____________.

Manuel Marzan
Francisco de Marcaida

244

She was imprisoned for _____________ before she was released by the __________.

2 ½ years
Manila Royal Audencia

245

Opened Rizal’s eyes to the Spanish judicial injustice

Donya Teodora's imprisonment

246

JPR’s puppy love

JULIA CELESTE-SMITH

247

JPR was only 15 when he met her

JULIA CELESTE-SMITH

248

He was exploring when he heard her singing. He saw her taking a bath at the upstream. She was with her grandmother.

JULIA CELESTE-SMITH

249

They parted as good friends but that was the end of their encounter as they’ve never met again.

JULIA CELESTE-SMITH

250

Jose’s first love

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

251

a 14 year old girl from Lipa, Batangas when she met the 16 year old JPR

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

252

the sister of Mariano Katigbak, the friend of JPR

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

253

He first saw her at the house of his grandmother who was a friend of her and Mariano’s father in Trozo.

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

254

He was asked to paint her and everytime she looks at him, he blushes.

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK
SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

255

Their love was doomed even before it started as she was already engaged to Manuel Luz .

SEGUNDA KATIGBAK

256

Their love was doomed even before it started as Segunda was already engaged to ___________.

Manuel Luz

257

a heritage house on Lipa, Batangas currently houses the kolumpyo and the chess table that JPR used when he was playing chess with Manuel Luz.

Casa de Segunda