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Flashcards in Rizal in Madrid Deck (156):
1

Right after graduating in UST, Rizal had already planned to go to _____ to complete his medical studies.

Spain

2

Rizal was determined to seek the _____________, not in Calamba or Manila, but beyond the shores of his native archipelago.

best education possible

3

Who knew about Rizal's secret mission?

Paciano, Tiyo Antonio, Doña Neneng & Lucia, and some intimate friends know

4

Who had no idea about Rizal's secret mission?

Family including Don Francisco & Doña Teodora, and lover Leonor Rivera absolutely had no idea

5

Where did Rizal go?

Departure to Spain (Barcelona-Madrid)

6

What is the reason of Rizal's secret mission?

To broaden Rizal’s political outlook through exposure to other nations and governments.

7

When did Rizal do his secret mission?

ASAP.
May 1,1882, soon after the end of the school year of 1881-1882
One and a half months before his 21st birthday

8

After having changed ________ twice, they arrived in Manila.

carromatas 

9

On that day ______ woke him up at dawn to go to _____ and thence to Manila.

Paciano
dawn
Biñan

10

Rizal had ____ pesos on-hand

365

11

They hired a _____________

carromatas

12

The many visits that Jose made that day are proofs that there was _____ about his trip; the journey was a secret only to ______. What was kept secret was the ____ of the journey

nothing secret
his parents
motive/s

13

More goodbye visits to the Rivera's with whose daughter ____, Rizal had maintained close friendship.

Leonor

14

On the third day, Rizal heard mass at the _______________

Santo Domingo Church

15

On the third day, Rizal boarded the steamer _____________

SS Salvadora

16

He got seasick on board the boat

4 May 1882 in Singapore

17

He conversed with the passengers of the ship; he was still feeling sea-sick

5 May 1882 in Singapore

18

16 passengers and he was the only Filipino

5 May 1882 in Singapore

19

ship captain

Donato Lecha (Asturias, Spain)

20

He played chess with the passengers on board

6 May 1882 in Singapore

21

He saw mountains and Islands.

8 May 1882 in Singapore

22

“Talim Island with the Susong Dalaga”

8 May 1882 in Singapore

23

Rizal arrived at Singapore

9 May 1882 in Singapore

24

He went around the town of Singapore and made some observations

10 May 1882 in Singapore

25

Hotel de Paz

10 May 1882 in Singapore

26

Botanical Garden, Buddhist temples, statue of Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles

10 May 1882 in Singapore

27

Rizal continued his trip to Spain.

11 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

28

Djemnah of the Messageries Maritimes

11 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

29

Larger, cleaner vessel which carried more passengers

Djemnah

30

French steamer

Djemnah

31

He had a conversation with the passengers of the boat

12 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

32

Filipino passengers on the way to Colombo

Mr. & Mrs. Salazar, Mr. Vicente Pardo, Jose Rizal

33

Rizal attempted to converse in French

12 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

34

Rizal was seasick again.

13 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

35

Rizal had a terrible dream. He dreamed he was traveling with Neneng (Saturnina) and their path was blocked by snakes.

On his way to Marseilles
14 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

36

Rizal had another disheartening dream. He dreamed he returned to Calamba and after meeting his parents who did not talk to him because of not having consulted them about his first trip abroad, he returned traveling abroad with one hundred pesos he again borrowed. He was so sad and broken hearted. Soon he woke up and found himself inside his cabin.

May 15 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

37

Rizal arrived at Punta de Gales

17 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

38

He was unimpressed with this

Punta de Gales

39

a seacoast town in southern Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

Punta de Gales (Point Galle),

40

At 7:30 a.m., he left Punta de Gales for Colombo. In the afternoon, Rizal arrived at Colombo and in the evening the trip was resumed.

18 May 1882
FROM SINGAPORE TO COLOMBO

41

capital of Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

Colombo

42

Scenic beauty and elegant buildings

Colombo

43

"more beautiful, smart and elegant than Singapore, Point Galle, and Manila."

Colombo

44

Rizal was nearing the African coast.

FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

45

“inhospitable land but famous.”

Cape of Guardafui

46

He landed at ____ at about 8:30 a.m. He made observations at the time. (FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL)

Aden

47

He landed at Aden at about 8:30 a.m. He made observations at the time.

27 May 1882
FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

48

City hotter than Manila

Aden

49

Amused to see the camels for the first time

Aden
FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

50

He arrived at the Suez Canal en route to Marseilles.

2 June 1882
FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

51

an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea

Suez Canal

52

He was quarantined on board the Djemnah

3 June 1882
Suez Canal

53

It was the fourth day at Suez Canal and was still quarantined on board of the boat.

6 June 1882
Suez Canal

54

It took the Djemnah __________ to transverse the Suez Canal.

five days

55

Rizal arrived at _______. In a letter to his parents, he described his trip en route to Aden along the Suez Canal.

Port Said

56

Rizal arrived at Port Said. In a letter to his parents, he described his trip en route to Aden along the Suez Canal.

7 June 1882
FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

57

Rizal was fascinated to hear the multi-racial inhabitants

7 June 1882
FIRST TRIP THROUGH SUEZ CANAL

58

Rizal disembarked and, accompanied by a guide, went around the ____________ for one hour. This was the first ______ ground he set foot on.

City of Naples
European

59

At ten o’clock in the evening, the boat anchored at ______. He slept on board.

Marseilles

60

At ten o’clock in the evening, the boat anchored at Marseilles. He slept on board.

12 June 1882
NAPLES AND MARSEILLES

61

Early on the morning he landed at Marseilles and boarded at the _______________. Later he went around for observation.

Noalles Hotel

62

Rizal toured around Marseilles for __________ days.

two and a half

63

Early on the morning he landed at Marseilles and boarded at the Noalles Hotel. Later he went around for observation.

NAPLES AND MARSEILLES

64

Chateau d’lf

NAPLES AND MARSEILLES

65

He left Marseilles for Barcelona in an express train.

15 June 1882
BARCELONA

66

At 12:00 noon, Rizal arrived at Barcelona and boarded in the ___________.

Fonda De España

67

At 12:00 noon, Rizal arrived at Barcelona and boarded in the Fonda De España.

16 June 1882
BARCELONA

68

When Rizal reached Barcelona, he had several _____________ about the city – from saying that the city was an _____ place to believing that the residents were ______.

negative impressions
ugly
inhospitable

69

But everything changed when he decided to open his heart to the city. He later found Barcelona as an atmosphere of __________and __________, a place with __________, __________, and __________residents.

liberalism
freedom
open-hearted
hospitable
courageous

70

___________ in Barcelona threw him a little party at a cafe as they welcome him. They would tell him about the beauties of the place and the culture of the Spanish people and in return, he gave them updated them with the current state of the Philippines.

His fellow Filipinos

71

In a letter, Rizal related to his parents his experiences during his trip from ______________. In the same Letter, he requested them to send him a ___________ and statement showing that he had _______________.

Port Said to Barcelona
birth certificate
parents in the Philippines

72

In a letter, Rizal related to his parents his experiences during his trip from Port Said to Barcelona. In the same Letter, he requested them to send him a birth certificate and statement showing that he had parents in the Philippines.

23 June 1882
BARCELONA

73

P. Leoncio Lopez of Calamba issued a certified copy of Rizal’s birth certificate.

18 August 1882
BARCELONA

74

_______________ of Calamba issued a certified copy of Rizal’s birth certificate.

P. Leoncio Lopez

75

During his stay in Barcelona, Rizal, under the pen-name _____, wrote his first essay in Spain, an essay entitled “________”

Laong-Laan
Amor Patrio (Love of Country

76

He sent Amor Patrio to a friend in Manila, ____________, who published it in __________________.

Basilio Teodoro Moran
Diariong Tagalog

77

Other articles he sent to Moran were “___________” and “__________”

Los Viajes
Revista de Madrid

78

News from the Philippines: (3)

Cholera
Leonor Rivera
Paciano

79

Rizal matriculated at the ______________.

Universidad Central de Madrid

80

He took the following courses in the Universidad Central de Madrid:

Medicine and Philosophy and Letters

81

Place of his residence from September 12, 1882 to May 1883

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

82

Spartan life

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

83

limited allowance of 50 pesos a month

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

84

Further reduced to 35 pesos when the Rizal farm was affected by bad harvests

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

85

Vicente Gonzalez “Marques de Pagong”

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

86

Near the university

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

87

Piano

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

88

Four big mirrors

Calle Amor de Dios 13-15

89

Place of his residence from May 1883 to June 17, 1883 before Rizal left for Paris for a vacation. 

Calle Fernandez y Gonzalez 8, 3º-4 (formerly C/. de la Visitación)

90

Situated in the old part of Madrid close to the Plaza Sta. Ana, right behind the Teatro Español,

Calle Fernandez y Gonzalez 8, 3º-4 (formerly C/. de la Visitación)

91

Stood near the corner of c/ Echegaray (formerly c/ del Lobo), where he criticized his fellow residents for engaging in idle discussions day after day. 

Calle Fernandez y Gonzalez 8, 3º-4 (formerly C/. de la Visitación)

92

Eduardo de Lete and Ceferino de Leon. 

Calle Fernandez y Gonzalez 8, 3º-4 (formerly C/. de la Visitación)

93

By their agreement, they did not allow gambling (juego de azar) in their quarters.    

Calle Fernandez y Gonzalez 8, 3º-4 (formerly C/. de la Visitación)

94

Residence of  D. Pablo Ortiga y Rey, vice president of the Consejo de Filipinas

Calle Ventura de la Vega (formerly C/. Baño 15, piso principal or 1º)

95

Headquarters of Circulo Hispano Filipino. 

Calle Ventura de la Vega (formerly C/. Baño 15, piso principal or 1º)

96

In a letter to this family dated October 10, 1882, Rizal mentioned having boarded here from 1883 (autumn) to August 1884, apparently on a temporary basis since the following entries would indicate that he had other places of residence in Madrid.

Calle Ventura de la Vega (formerly C/. Baño 15, piso principal or 1º)

97

Rizal stayed in this place, a pension, as indicated in a letter to his parents dated September 11, 1883. 

Calle Gran Via (formerly C/. San Miguel 7, 1º)

98

Starting September 6 of that year, he was paying a daily rent of four pesetas a day. 

Calle Gran Via (formerly C/. San Miguel 7, 1º)

99

He said that this amount excluded the cost of kerosene which he had to buy himself so he could read and study at night.

Calle Gran Via (formerly C/. San Miguel 7, 1º)

100

But perhaps the conditions were not that ideal for him as later, he had to board in another place with a Filipino student.    

Calle Gran Via (formerly C/. San Miguel 7, 1º)

101

The Gran Vía residence was indeed only temporary since in the same letter to his parents, he asked that all future letters be forwarded to this address.  He joined Esteban Villanueva who came to Madrid to study law but later became an established painter.  It seems that painting and the arts as disciplines, had such an attraction to Filipinos since a number of them pursued these as careers – Luna, Hidalgo, Melecio Figueroa, an engraver and Villanueva.    

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

102

Rizal at that point was in dire financial difficulties.

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

103

High grades in medicine

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

104

Victory in Greek contests and exams in Historia Universal

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

105

He had to pawn Saturnina’s ring given to him, to pay for his exams. 

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

106

At one time, Rizal did not have any meal at all for one whole day. 

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

107

By chance, he had been asked by the Paternos to deliver one of the main speeches at a banquet, a toast to Juan Luna and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo who had just won first and second prizes (for the Spoliarium and Virgenes Cristianas Expuesta al Populacho),  respectively, at the art competition sponsored by the Exposicion de Bellas Artes in Madrid.

Calle del Barquillo 34, 4º

108

In a letter to his family, on August 29, 1884, Rizal informed them of living here with classmates Ceferino de Leon and Julio Llorente. 

Calle Pizarro 15 (formerly C/. pizarro 13 , 2º Dcha.)

109

It was very close to the Facultad de Filosofia y Letras at c/ Bernardo where he was to finish in a year his philosophy and letters degree. 

Calle Pizarro 15 (formerly C/. pizarro 13 , 2º Dcha.)

110

It was here where he wrote to his family why sugar prices had fallen – Cuba and Puerto Rico, as well as the colonies of Great Britain, had replaced the Philippines as the new sources of U.S. imports, the biggest at that time. 

Calle Pizarro 15 (formerly C/. pizarro 13 , 2º Dcha.)

111

It was also here where Rizal quietly started his novel  Noli Me Tangere.    

Calle Pizarro 15 (formerly C/. pizarro 13 , 2º Dcha.)

112

He told his parents that he would be moving to Paris and Berlin to study ophthalmology under the best professors at that time. 

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

113

The eyesight of Teodora Alonso had gone worse and it was Rizal’s desire to treat her upon his return to the Philippines.

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

114

This was perhaps his last residence in Madrid as he himself mentioned in an undated letter to his family.

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

115

  He spent 15 days here – from October 1 to 15, 1885 – sharing the place with Ceferino de Leon and Eduardo de Lete. 

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

116

On the matter of his return to the Philippines, his brother Paciano advised him to stay in Hong Kong instead since this would not be very far from home. 

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

117

The reputation of Rizal as an anti-friar intellectual had become public because of his speech at the Hotel Ingles at the banquet to honor Juan Luna and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo. 

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

118

According to Paciano, returning to the Philippines would be fatal since a lot of Spaniards were raring to punish him for claiming that the Indios could be even better than the colonial masters if given the chance to develop themselves.    

Calle Cedaceros 11, piso principal

119

The corridor of the Colegio de Medicina (Hospital de San Carlos) has a marker indicating that it was here where Rizal studied medicine.     

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Madrid, C/. Atocha

120

But as time went on, Rizal’s heart was not in medicine as shown by his enrolment in other courses.  His medical interest was animated more by a desire to remove cataracts on his mother’s eyes; she was then close to being blind.  Already losing her eyesight, Rizal’s mother could write to him only with the assistance of one of her daughters.  Rizal would have to go to Paris to specialize in ophthalmology.    

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Madrid, C/. Atocha

121

At the same time that Rizal was taking courses in medicine, he went to the nearby ______________- and took five hours of painting lessons under Carlos de Haes. 

Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

122

He likewise enrolled at the ________________ but his brother dissuaded him from continuing the course. 

Facultad de Derechos, (UCM)

123

Rizal’s interest in ___was in line with the desire for political autonomy in the Philippines. 

law

124

Rizal’s interest in law was in line with the desire for political autonomy in the Philippines. 

Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, C/. Alcalá

125

But his interest in the ________ overtook all other interests. 

humanities

126

He transferred to the _______________, and worked towards a humanities course which he finished in June 1885.

Facultad de Filosofia y Letras

127

Although not an educational institution but an exclusive club for men of letters and science, the ______contributed to the professional development of Rizal.

Ateneo de Madrid, C/. Prado, 21

128

It was here where he regularly attended theatrical presentations, music and poetry recitals and book launchings. 

Ateneo de Madrid, C/. Prado, 21

129

Rizal's letter to Consuelo

A La Senorita C. O y P (To Miss C. O y P)

130

How did Consuelo describe Rizal?

Shy small man
Aura of charisma- many-splendored talents and noble character

131

Why did Rizal back out in courting Consuelo?

He was still engaged to Leonor Rivera
His friend and co-worker in the Propaganda Movement, Eduardo Lete, was madly inlove with Consuelo

132

Society of Spaniards and Filipinos

Circulo Hispano-Filipino

133

Declaimed during the New Year’s Eve reception of the Madrid Filipinos

Mi Piden Versos/They Ask Me For Verses

134

Rizal bought books from _________

Señor Roses

135

the novel was intensely and deliberately "anti-Catholic"

The Wandering Jew – by Eugene Sue

136

Black Slavery

Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly – by Beecher Stowe

137

How much was Wandering Jew?

Pesetas 10.00

138

How much was Works of Horace, Dumas?

Pesetas 2.50

139

How much was Supper with a friend?

Pesetas 32.00

140

where he went on his summer vacation in Madrid

Paris

141

costliest capital in Europe

Paris

142

on 37 Rue de Maubange

Hotel de Paris

143

Hotel on 124 Rue de Rennes

RIZAL IN PARIS

144

Rizal came in close contact with several prominent Spanish liberals and republican Spaniards who were mostly _________.

Masons

145

He was impressed by the way they freely criticized the government policies and the friars.

RIZAL AS A MASON

146

As a result, he joined a Masonic lodge in Madrid called ______.

Acacia

147

It was to secure the Freemasonry’s aid in his fight against the friars.

Rizal's joining in Acacia

148

Later, he transferred to another Masonic Lodge called ______________ where he became a _______.

Lodge Solidaridad
Master Mason

149

He had one Masonic writing entitled “______________”

Science, Virtue, & Labor

150

While he was in Spain, Calamba’s situation was _______

worsening

151

The rental of their family’s lands was increased by the hacienda manager as to compensate ______________________

Don Francisco’s failure to give him a turkey for free

152

Jose’s allowances would either arrive late or never arrive at all. Paciano had no choice but to ____________ just to have money to send him

sell Jose’s pony

153

Conferred the degree of ________ by the Universidad Central de Madrid

Licentiate in Medicine

154

Conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the ____________

Universidad Central de Madrid

155

Degree of Doctor of Medicine

STUDIES COMPLETED IN SPAIN

156

Not awarded his Doctor’s diploma because ____________________________________________

he did not present the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees