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Flashcards in Russia: Purges and Show Trials Deck (18)
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1

The First Purges

1930-33
Stalin eliminated anyone who opposed his political policies

2

The Great Purges

1934-1939
Stalin got rid of all his perceived political opponents.

3

Kirov

Head of the Leningrad Soviet
A political opponent that was rumoured to be a favourite to take over from Stalin.

4

Kirov's Murder

1934
During the 17th Party Congress

5

Why was Kirov Murdered?

He received the same amount of applause as Stalin at the congress and he worried that he was going to be overthrown.

6

When were the show trials?

1936-38

7

Trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev

August 1936
Accused of being trotskyists and Rightists

8

Trial of Bukharin, Rhykov and Yagoda

March 1938

9

Why did Stalin need them to confess at the show trials?

To emphasise his complete control.

10

Nikholai Yezhov

Head of the NKVD 1936-38
Executed 1939 as an enemy of the people.

11

When were the armed forces purged?

1937

12

Who in the armed forces were purged?

90% of all the Soviet Generals

13

Why were the armed forces purged?

Because in the past the army leaders had been involved in disagreements with Stalin, especially during the Civil War.

14

How many were killed in the purges?

1/5 of the communist party members (1 million)
20 million were sent to gulags

15

How did the purges affect the arts

Only art sending the right message was allowed.
Artists and musicians were often persecuted.

16

Socialist Realism

A style of art designed to spread the key messages of communism which often showed the poor in a favourable light.

17

How were muslims treated after the purges?

Mosques were closed
Women weren't allowed to wear hijab etc
pilgrimage was banned.

18

How did the purges affect the army

Severely weakened right before WWII
Not able to fight properly in 1941.