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Flashcards in Russia: The Impact of WWII Deck (18)
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1

Operation Barbarossa

22 June 1941

2

Why did the germans launch Barbarossa?

Because at the time it seemed to be a solid tactical strategy.

3

How much of the Russian population did the Germans control in 1941?

40%

4

How many soviet soldiers died by nov 1941

3 million

5

How did the USSR Survive the initial German successes?

The patriotism of the Russian people
General Zhukov
Russian Winter

6

German Mistakes

Hitler was leading the army
Attacked Russian people
Unable to replace lost tanks and supplies
Unprepared for Russian winter

7

Soviet Strengths

Reorganisation of the soviet army
modernisation of soviet military equipment
Help from the USA + UK
Stalin's leadership (General Zhukov)
Soviet armaments production

8

Battle of Stalingrad

November 1942- February 1943

9

How many soviet troop vs nazi troops at Stalingrad

500,000 vs 200,000

10

How many Russians did the war kill?

20 million 10% of pre war population

11

Scorched Earth Policy

To stop the germans gaining anything in their advance, the Russians razed the land in their retreat.

12

How many homes were demolished in the war?

4.7 million. 25 million were left homeless.

13

4th Five Year Plan

1946
Emphasis on heavy industry and transport system.
As much was being produced in 1950 as was in 1950 (it worked)

14

How did people's lives change after the war?

Stalin didn't want people drawing comparisons to the west.
Weren't allowed to marry foreigners
Soldiers couldn't talk about what they had seen
Propaganda talked of terrible conditions in the west
Russian things were glorified.

15

When was the Leningrad Soviet Purged?

1948

16

When were the Jews purged?

1948-52

17

What was the doctors plot

Jan 1953
Just before Stalin died he accused 9 Jewish doctors in the Kremlin of murdering a party official 5 years before as part of a bigger scheme to take out the government. He died before they could be arrested.

18

Stalins DOD

5th March 1953
Stroke