Flashcards in Russia: The Impact of WWII Deck (18)
22 June 1941
Why did the germans launch Barbarossa?
Because at the time it seemed to be a solid tactical strategy.
How much of the Russian population did the Germans control in 1941?
How many soviet soldiers died by nov 1941
How did the USSR Survive the initial German successes?
The patriotism of the Russian people
Hitler was leading the army
Attacked Russian people
Unable to replace lost tanks and supplies
Unprepared for Russian winter
Reorganisation of the soviet army
modernisation of soviet military equipment
Help from the USA + UK
Stalin's leadership (General Zhukov)
Soviet armaments production
Battle of Stalingrad
November 1942- February 1943
How many soviet troop vs nazi troops at Stalingrad
500,000 vs 200,000
How many Russians did the war kill?
20 million 10% of pre war population
Scorched Earth Policy
To stop the germans gaining anything in their advance, the Russians razed the land in their retreat.
How many homes were demolished in the war?
4.7 million. 25 million were left homeless.
4th Five Year Plan
Emphasis on heavy industry and transport system.
As much was being produced in 1950 as was in 1950 (it worked)
How did people's lives change after the war?
Stalin didn't want people drawing comparisons to the west.
Weren't allowed to marry foreigners
Soldiers couldn't talk about what they had seen
Propaganda talked of terrible conditions in the west
Russian things were glorified.
When was the Leningrad Soviet Purged?
When were the Jews purged?
What was the doctors plot
Just before Stalin died he accused 9 Jewish doctors in the Kremlin of murdering a party official 5 years before as part of a bigger scheme to take out the government. He died before they could be arrested.