S2 - Rural-Urban Links (C1) Flashcards Preview

Geography - GCSE > S2 - Rural-Urban Links (C1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in S2 - Rural-Urban Links (C1) Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...

What is population density ?

The average number of people per square kilometre - expressed as densely or sparsely populated.


What is the urban-rural continuum ?

A continuum along which all settlements are placed.


In what areas can a high population density be found ?

In urban areas.


How is the urban-rural continuum configured ?

On the left most side it starts with an isolated farmhouse being the most rural and then, hamlet, remote village, village, suburbanised village, town, city, mega-city towards a large urban area - being the most urban.


What services are likely to be found in a small village ?

Post office, small shop, bus stop, pub and church.


What kind of services are likely to be found in a city ?

Shopping centres with chain stores, entertainment centres - theatres and cinemas, variety of restaurants and bars, and a range of medical facilities.


What is a sphere of influence ?

A region in which an urban area provides an important economic and social influence.


What determines an urban area's sphere of influence ?

The infrastructure and transport links between urban and rural areas - greater transport links = greater sphere of influence, the distance from the urban area - influence is greater the closer you are, and the size of the urban area.


What is counter-urbanisation ?

The movement of people out of towns and cities to rural areas.


What are some reasons for counter-urbanisation ?

Housing - more variety and more affordable, family status (size), transport - easier to commute to work now, employment, social factors - lows crime rate and good schools, environmental factors - cleaner rural environments.


What are some impacts of counter-urbanisation on rural settlements ?

Increase in house prices, decrease in traditional services - village shops, fewer people in village during working hours, increase in students in rural schools, increased traffic and pollution, and loss of villager identity.