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Flashcards in SACE Test 1 Deck (65)
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1

Social Cohesion

Members of a community act lawfully and freely considering their impact on others

Drug laws, traffic laws.

2

Social Progress

Ensuring social cohesion is preserved for future generations and that laws adapt with time (Education, children, environment, health laws)

3

How are the two functions upheld

VADER

4

Values

Political values such as democratic processes

5

Acceptable standards of behaviour

such as manners

6

Dispute

are resolved in court such as suing for a civil remedy

7

Evolution

Laws adapting with time such as gay marriage laws

8

Rights

such as our legal right to legal representation

9

What is a law

A law is a legal rule that prescribes acceptable standards of behaviour. For example speed limits prescribe the acceptable driving speed

10

Categories

Against person (Infringes on human rights - murder)
Against property (infringes on right to own and use property - arson)
Against Public Order (disrupted social cohesion - drugs)

11

Classification

Strict Liability
Summary Offences
Minor indictable
Major indictable

12

1942

British law no longer overrides federal

13

1968

High court no longer bound by British precedent

14

1975

High court no longer bound by privy court in state matters

15

1986

Removed British influence in state leg.

16

House of Rep

150 members
electorates
Lower House
Speaker
Tenure of 3 years
Preferential voting
forms gov

17

Senate

76 (12 state, 2 territory)
Upper house
President
Tenure of 6 years
Proportional voting

18

House of Assembly

47 members
Tenure 4

19

Legislative council

22 members
Tenure 8

20

Constitutional Monarchy

A system of government with a monarch as the head of state, represented by the governor general or governor
Bicameral system.

21

Private laws

(5 types)
Rights and obligations of legal entities

22

Contract

Rights and obligations of those entering contracts

23

Tort

Rights, obligation and remedies of someone wronged by another

24

Succession

transfer of estates (wills)

25

Family

family/domestic issues such as divorce

26

Public laws

govern the relationship between people and the state

27

Admin law

Governs government bodies

28

Constitutional

protects the rights afforded in the constitution

29

Criminal

relates to crime

30

Municipal

By-laws, ordinances, regulations