Sauerland: Pre-lab 6 Flashcards Preview

Block 4 Week 4 Meg > Sauerland: Pre-lab 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sauerland: Pre-lab 6 Deck (10)
Loading flashcards...
1

List four types of fractures

compound fracture
march fracture
diagonal fracture
transverse boot-top fracture

2

What happens when you have a diagonal fracture?

shortening of the lower limb

3

How do you find the dorsalis pedis pulse?

between tibialis anterior and extensor hallucis longus

4

What does injury to the common fibular nerve cause? Why? What does this result in?

foot drop; loss of dorsiflexion of ankle; waddling gait, swing out gait, or extra flexion of the thigh

5

Length of nerve fibers to muscles in the foot? If the sciatic nerve is damaged in the gluteal region, how long would it take for it to regenerate?

40 inches; ~3 years

6

When a nerve is damaged, about how fast does it regenerate?

about 1mm/day

7

Blood vessels that nourish the nerve fibers and their coverings

vasa nervorum

8

What blood vessels supply the sciatic nerve?

inferior gluteal, perforating arteries, popliteal artery, etc

9

What are these associated with?
loss of sense of position
foot drop
loss of ankle jerk
glove and stocking hypersthesia
impaired vibration sense
burning sensation in feet

loss of blood supply to peripheral nerves

10

What can cause peripheral neuropathy?

diabetes
alcohol
advanced kidney disease (uremic)
drugs
smoking