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Principles of Behaviour Analysis > Schedules of Reinforcement > Flashcards

Flashcards in Schedules of Reinforcement Deck (26):
1

What does CRF stand for ?

Continous Reinforcement

2

What is CRF usually used for ?

To strengthen behaviours

3

Define ratio schedules

Requires a number of responses before one response produces reinforcement.

4

what type of schedule is being defined?
Requires a number of responses before one response produces reinforcement.

Ratio schedule

5

Define inteval schedules?

requires a specific amount of time to elapse before a single repsonse produces reinforcement.

6

What is being described?
requires a specific amount of time to elapse before a single repsonse produces reinforcement.

Interval schedule

7

Define fixed schedules

Ratio or time remain constant

8

Define Fixed ratio

A schedule of reinforcement requiring a fixed number of responses in order for reinforcement to be delivered

9

What is being described?
A schedule of reinforcement requiring a fixed number of responses in order for reinforcement to be delivered

Fixed ratio

10

What does this mean FR4 ?

Fixed ratio reinforcement is deliverd after 4th correct response

11

What does FI2 mean?

Reainforcement is delivered for the first repsonse after the 2 minutes have elapsed.

12

What is post reinforcement pause?

The absence of responding for a period of time following reinforcement

13

What is being described?
The absence of responding for a period of time following reinforcement

Post reinforcement pause

14

Which schedules of reinforcement are most likely to produce post reinforcement strain ?

Fixed ratio and fixed interval

15

Describe variable schedules

The response ration or the time required can change from reinforcement to reinforcement.

16

What is being described?
The response ration or the time required can change from reinforcement to reinforcement.

Variable schedules of reinforcement

17

What are the effects of Fixed ratio schedules on behaviour?

Produces high rates of responding
Teend to produce quick responding in order to recieve reinforcement

18

What effects does variable ratio schedules have on behaviour?

Produces consistent steady rates of behaviour
Responding remains steady as next response may result in reinforcement

19

Why does FI produce a scallop graph

Particiapnts learn to discriminate the elapse of time
Response emitted after a reinforced response are never reinforced.

20

What is being described?
Particiapnts learn to discriminate the elapse of time
Response emitted after a reinforced response are never reinforced.

FI scallop

21

Describe limited hold

Is added to the interval schedule the reinforcement reamins available for a finite time following the elapse of FI or VI

22

What is being described?
Is added to the interval schedule the reinforcement reamins available for a finite time following the elapse of FI or VI

Limited hold

23

What does this mean?
FI5mins LH30sec?

The first correct response after the elapse of time 5mins with reinforcement only being available for 30 seconds after the correct repsonse following the elapse of time

24

Describe schedule thinning

Changing a contingency of reinforcement by gradully increasing the response ratio or extending the time interval.
Result is lower rates or reinforcement

25

What is being described?
Changing a contingency of reinforcement by gradully increasing the response ratio or extending the time interval.
Result is lower rates or reinforcement

Schedule thinning

26

Describe ratio strain

A behaviourial effect associated with abrupt increases in ratio requirements when moving denser to thinner reinforcement schedules