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Flashcards in SECOND SEMESTER FINALS Deck (54)
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1

What is the rule of law and what does it safeguard

The principle that governmental authority is exercised only in accordance with public laws that are adopted and forced according to established procedures

2

What were Rutherford and Montesquieu's contribution to the rule of law

Rutherford advocated using law to control the power of the Monarch or other ruler. Montesquieu promoted the principle of separation of powers -dividing government into three branches

3

What does the American creed consist of?

Consist of the countries basic governing principles: rule of law, sovereignty, checks and balances, (separation of powers and federalism) individual rights and judicial review

4

What principle of the Declaration of Independence uphold's Locke's ideas?

The ideas about natural or God-given rights, popular sovereignty, the social contract theory of government based on the consent of the governed and even the people's rights to revolt against an unjust government

5

What was the result of Shays rebellion on the national scale?

It caused the federal government to scrap the Articles and write the Constitution

6

What two factions were created during the Constitutional convention

Federalists and anti-federalists

7

What did The Federalists support?

The Federalists supported the country needing a strong federal government

8

What did the anti-Federalist support?

The anti-Federalist opposed ratification's because it gave too much power to the federal government

9

What are the three parts of the basic framework of the constitution?

1)The Constitution creates a republican form or government
2)federal system with
3)separation of power

10

What are the competencies of each branch of the government

Legislative branch representation. Executive action and administration. Judicial resolution of disputes.

11

What are the differences between civil rights and civil liberties

Civil rights are statutory rights (provided by legislation) and protect individuals against discrimination; it is a legislative body they deal with particular groups of people. Natural law is life liberty and property.

12

Why is congress called the broken branch?

Effectiveness. Because the public and political scientists considerate it ineffective or it's too slow

13

How has the basis of the political system shifted over the years?

Congress is still the first branch but it is no longer the primary. The modern system has developed into a political system based on executive government versus legislative.
Executive over congress (senators)

14

What powers does the house have over other branches?

The power of impeachment charging a government official treason, bribery, and other crimes or Misdemeanors, and controls the budget.

15

What powers does the senate have over the other branches?

The Senate acts as the court for impeachment, has the power to approve important presidential appointments, and approves all treaties.

16

What are enumerated powers?

Enumerated powers are those that are specifically mentioned in the Constitution, powers that the Constitution actually delegates to government

17

What are implied powers

The implied powers are the powers that are not specifically mentioned, but can be logically implied to flow from those that are enumerated.

18

Give three enumerated powers of Congress

Power to lay and collect taxes.
Power to regulate commerce with foreign nations.
Power to coin money or inflation.

19

What part of the constitution leads us to believe that there are implied or elastic powers?

The necessary and proper clause or elastic clause has been interpreted to mean that Congress can make laws necessary and proper to achieve its enumerated powers.

20

Why are tax bills originated in the house?

The founders believed that decisions to tax should originate with the government institution closest to the people.

21

How many legislative districts do we currently have

435

22

What is a bicameral system?

A bicameral system is a two house body. It is part of the system of checks and balances and part of the functional differences and legislative government.

23

What is the power problem for the president

A power problem is on the accountability side. It is hard to hold presidents accountable for their actions.

24

What is an imperial president?

President with too much power. They make executive orders out of their power or jurisdiction

25

What is an imperiled president?

A president who is not powerful enough.

26

Why are Ford and Carter considered imperiled residents?

Ford's response to economic threats were ineffective, and Carter seemed incapable of responding to national security issues.

27

What are the inherent powers of the president

Powers inherent in the presidency because he has the president. (Inherently in charge of the US)

28

Why is the president called the chief legislator

Congress has delegated so much power to the present that he has become important part of the process. Congress gave it to him

29

What does party loyalty undermine?

It undermines the system of institutional checks and balances. Madisonian factions will happen.

30

What is the purpose of the State of the Union address?

What are the highlights of the previous year and the goals of the years to come