Secularisation Flashcards Preview

Sociology- Religion > Secularisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Secularisation Deck (11):
1

Define

When religion loses its influence over society
Process where by religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance
Due to urban, modern industrial society

2

Comte and Weber's views

Comte: science is final stage of thinking modern society will be dominated by science and not religion

Weber: modern society would be the age of technology, rationality and bureaucracy sweeping away magic and myth

3

Decline in church membership and attendance
Stats

Over 1 million lost to churches in the last 20 years
27% babies baptised in 1993
65% in 1990

4

Limitations of measuring attendance and membership through statistics

May attend and not believe
May believe and not attend
Old stats may not be reliable

5

Religious pluralism

Diversity
Established church loses significance
Multicultural society

6

How is Pluralism evidence against sec?

New age movements show that sacred is becoming important
REASCRILISATION
Religion is just being transformed

7

How is pluralism evidence for sec?

Gives too much choice
People reject religion
Declines outweighs the drop outs

8

Desacralisation

Supernatural belief is a weak force in society
Weber predicted it in a period of disenchantment
Turn to science for our problems

9

How have the church suffered a loses of functions

Religion becomes less important as other institutions
Church used to be educational
Leads to disengagement
Despite this: religion is still very relative everyday

10

What's meant by institutions that have become secularised

Church becomes less religious
To acquire more Members
Shows commitment to the community

Not all have eg New Right

11

Measuring secularisation

Surveys: high levels of religiosity, quantitative data shows church attendance is low
Finding it out is complex
Hard to get old data
Research may be ethnocentric