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Flashcards in Change Or Conservation Deck (6):
1

For weber, does religion provide change or conservation?

Religious ideas of Calvinism brought about social change

2

How did Weber use Calvinism to show religion can bring social change

Calv has two elements:
Predestination: life and heaven are predetermined
Ascetic ideal: working hard in your job reduced this anxiety

Brought about social change as people moved towards capitalism as they worked hard and increased capital

3

Nelson and McGuire argued that religion causes social change. Depending on what 4 factors

Belief: strong moral code, stronger the change
Culture: close to centre of society or not
Social location: is it linked with other institutions
Internal organisation: higher the power, higher the cause of change

4

Do Fundamentalists believe religion is a force of change or conservation

Conservation
Seek to return to basics of faith using literal interpretations
They want change to return to previous mode of living
Traditional values

5

Examples of fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism in Iran
Shah law made things more liberal so Sharia Law

Christian fundamentalism in USA
Society is in decline, moral crisis, promote mass communication

6

Fundamentalists view of globalisation

See it as undermining religion
Westernisation is liberal
Consumerism and materialism distracts from tradition