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Flashcards in Self-esteem Deck (14):
1

Showed that people low self-esteem people become quickly depressed when presented with hastles

Kernis and goldman (2003)

2

Showed that children were especially susceptible to suicide and depression when they had low self-esteem

Harter (1993)

3

Until the 1980s, people with low self esteem were considered...

unhappy people who disliked themselves

4

Showed that many people with low self esteem were simply confused about their internal feelings about themselves

Baumeister et al (1989)

5

Showed that people who are confused about how they feel will usually rate their self-esteem lower, while self worth stays high

Hoyle et al (1999)

6

Showed that people become defensive in order to preserve their bubble of self-esteem

Jordan et al (2003)

7

Showed that people with fragile self esteem will lash out and put down others in order to boost their self esteem

Baumeister et al, 2003

8

Define narcissism

extreme selfishness, with a grandiose view of one's own talents and a craving for admiration, as characterizing a personality type.

9

Showed that grossly inflated self esteem can lead to narcissim

Morf et al, 2011

10

Showed that people with higher self-esteem had fewer negative thoughts and better mental health

Leary and McDonald, 2003

11

Showed that people with high self-esteem tend to be healthier

Taylor et al, 2000

12

Showed that high self-esteem facilitates persistence after failure

Baumeister et al, 2003

13

Who formulated optimal self esteem?

Kernis, et al, 2003

14

Four things about optimal self esteem

1) Favourable feelings about self worth
2) Willingness to divulge weeknesses and flaws
3) Relative absence of defensiveness
4) Minimal dependence on specific outcomes or events.