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Flashcards in Social attribution Theory Deck (29):

Main definition of attribution theory

A set of ideas on how inferences about the causes of action are made when observing or hearing about a persons actions


Three things needed for attribution theory

Observer explains an actors behavior to an entity


What is self attribution

Where the actor and observer are the same person


What are dispostions

enduring characteristics that account for other people's behaviour


Advantages of drawing dispositional inferences

You can take random facts about somebody and integrate it, using it to make predictions of their behaviour


Define correspondent inference theory (CIT)

how people use others behavior as a basis for inferring their stable dispositions


Who described Correspondent Inference Theory (CIT)

Jones and Davis' in 1965


What factors are important in the process of correspondent inference theory (CIT)

Behaviour is freely chosen
Behaviour is a product of unique causes
Behaviour is unusual


Another way to work out the reasons of CIT

How are they working things out, how are they responding to their environment


How to determine intentions under CIT

consider range of behaviours of the actor, whether the efects of those actions are desirable or not. ONly the actions of the time are condsidered


What perspective does CIT take?

That of the actor


Define analysis of non-common effects

Comparison of the consequences of the behavioural options open to the actor and theorugh the identification of their distinctive outcomes


Define correspondence bias

People tend to judge personal causes of behaviour but underestimate situational aspects


Define co-variation theory

The actions of the actor are judged from the point of view of the observer


What does the observer do in co-variation theory

determine causes of behaviour by collecting data about comparison cases


Define distinctiveness info (co vari)

Evidence relating to how an actor responds to different entities under similar circumstances


Define Consistency information (covariation)

Evidence relating to how an actor’s behaviour towards an entity varies across different situations


Define Consensus information

Evidence relating to how different actors behave towards the same entity


Define causal schemas

People refer to existing ideas about how effects are produced in order to infer missing info


In covariation theory, why are inferences made?

the info is incomplete, or there is not enough time to collect all necessary info


Define the augmenting principle

Assumption that causal factors need to be stronger if an inhibitory influence on an observed effect is present


Define the discounting priniciple

Presence of a causal factor working towards an observed effect implies that other potential factors are less influential
(Example gravity makes the person on the bike go faster than pedalling might)


Limitations of covariation theory

People dont exhaustively sift theough all evidence available before making a judge of character


Who came up with abnormal condition focous

Hilton and Slugoski


What does abnormal condition propose?

People look for difference between what cognitive scripts predict, and what actually happens


Limitations of covariation theory

1. covariation cant infer causation
2. Predisposition to uncover causal powers rather to record observalbe regularites
3. Probalisitic contrast


Define causal power

The intrinsic property of an object or event that enables it to exert influence on some other object or event


Define probabilistic contrast

covariations between competing potential causes and the observed effect


Go over probablistic contrast in text

I'm on it man! Riiight??