Social attribution theory part 2 Flashcards Preview

Social Psychology > Social attribution theory part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social attribution theory part 2 Deck (26):
1

Define internal attribution

Results of actions are due to your own efforts

2

Define external attribution

The outcome of a situation is out of the results of my actions

3

Define learned helplessness

happens if you learn or conclude that nothing you are able to do can improve your circumstances

4

What can be an outcome of learned helplessness

Depression

5

What is a critique of learned helplessness, and how to reform it

Does not differentiate between situations where people are able to actually change things, and situations where there is absolutely nothing that can be done.
Reform: People attribute helplessness to a cause

6

WHEN will helplessness make people feel chronically depressed?

only when it is attributed to intrinsic features of self

7

What are the five steps of deprssion

1. objective non-contingency
2. percieved non-contingency
3. attribution
4. Expectations of non-contingency
5. Helplessness symptoms

8

Who will show up on the exam?

Mueller and Dweck, a paper online.

9

Define non-contingency

not caused or dependent on anything else

10

Define LHTD

Learned helplessness theory of depression

11

Limitations of LHTD

Factors other than helplessness must also be present
Cannot explain the exaggerated sense of personal responsibility for negative outcomes

12

What has research confirmed that negative thinking leads to

depression

13

Define depressive realism

depressed people are more likely to have a more realistic view of the world

14

What does the James-Lange theory state?

Every emotion was first and foremost distinct patterns of bodily changes

15

What does the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion state?

We react to a stimulus and experience the associated emotion at the same time

16

What did schachter argue about identifying an emotion through physical arousal

Says the physical arousal is ambiguous to different emotions, so we cant conclude a certain emotion given a certain physical arousal. We need cognition to conclusively prove.

17

What is Schachter and Singer's classic study

To groups, one given adrenaline, one given placebo. Each is told the opposite effects of what the outcome will be. Both groups are then irritated. The amount of agitation was not that different. The hypothesis was that only the misinformed adrenalins would attribute their excitement to an emotion.

18

What was schachters two-factor theory of emotion

Intensity of Psychological arousal and quality of cognitions about the situation both contribute to emotion

19

Define attributional bias

Systematic distortions in the sampling or processing of information about the causes of behaviour

20

Define correspondence bias

Tendency for people to judge or prefer to attribute a person’s actions as a facet the actor’s internal disposition rather than due to affected by situational factors

21

Define false consensus bias

assumption that other people generally share one’s own personal attitudes and opinions

22

What are two causes of variability in correspondence bias

Context and cultural variation

23

Go back and look over the general model typology for the process leading to correspondence bias

gotcha

24

Define self-serving attributional biases

Pride?

25

Naive scientist metaphor

holds that humans think and act with dispassionate rationality whilst engaging in detailed and nuanced thought processes for both complex and routine actions.[2] In this way, humans were thought to think like scientists, albeit naïve ones, measuring and analyzing the world around them.

26

Who was walter mischel

????