Semester Exams Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Semester Exams > Flashcards

Flashcards in Semester Exams Deck (41):
1

Types of Psychology (16)

Developmental
Health
Animal
Experimental
Bio
Cognitive
Personality
Clinical
Counseling
School
Educational
Sports
Social
Industrial-Organizational
Environmental
Consumer

2

7 Steps of Grief

Apprehension
Anxiety
Fear
Panic
Shock
Grief
Anger

3

The scientific study of mental process, thoughts and behaviors

Psychology

4

3 things people always go to the grocery store for

Bread
Milk
Eggs

5

Who said Know Thyself

Socrates

6

_ was a student of Socrated

Plato

7

_ suggested that we can learn much about ourselves by carefully examining our thoughts and feelings

Socrates

8

Looking within

Introspection

9

_ was Plato's student

Aristotle

10

_ outlined the Laws of Association

Aristotle

11

_ thought that personality was made up of 4 temperaments

Hippocrates

12

What are the 4 temperaments?

Sanguine (Cheerful)
Melancholic (Sad)
Choleric (Angry)
Phlegmatic (Calm)

13

Who built on the principles of Associationalism?

Locke

14

Who was a German Psychologist?

Wundt

15

What are the 2 categories of consciousness?

Objective Sensations
Subjective Feelings

16

Who wrote the principles of psychology?

James

17

Means "shape" or "form" and is based on the idea that perceptions are more than the sums of their parts

Gestalt Psychology

18

Which psychologist was from Vienna Austria?

Freud

19

Emphasized the importance of the unconscious motives and internal conflicts in determining human behavior

Psychoanalysis

20

Electra Complex

Girl jealous of mom. Loves Dad.

21

Oedipus Complex

Boy jealous of dad. Loves Mom.

22

Learning about yourself

Introspection

23

A group united by cultural heritage, race, language, or common history

Ethnicity

24

Shared common values, beliefs, and attitudes

Culture

25

Where a person fits socially and economically in the group

Socioeconomic status

26

Broad explanations and predictions of phenomena of interest

Theories

27

Who came up with Diffusion of Responsibility?

Latane
Darley

28

The greater the number of bystanders or witnesses to an event that requires helping, the more the responsibility for helping is felt to be shared by all the bystanders

Diffusion of Responsibility

29

Predictions stated in a way that allows them to be tested

Hypothesis

30

The process of taking a hypothesis and translating it into the particular procedures that are used in the experiment

Operationalization

31

An in-depth interview of a single individual

Case Study

32

Types of research

Archival
Naturalistic Observation
Survey
Correlational
Experimental

33

Something happens because of something else

Causation

34

Something happens and it may be because of something else

Correlation

35

Subjects are assigned to different experimental groups

Random Assignment to Condition

36

Who is most commonly used in survey Research?

College Students

37

Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience

Learning

38

Who came up with classical conditioning?

Pavlov

39

Pavlov did experiments on _

Dogs

40

Types of Classical Conditioning

Unconditioned Stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Response

41

Unconditioned response for Pavlov's experiment

Salivate whenever