# Separation Flashcards

1
Q

What are the 6 types of separation?

A

Vertical, horizontal, lateral, radar, visual, runway

2
Q

At what altitude do flight levels begin?

A

18,000 feet MSL, or FL180

3
Q

What is minimum vertical separation up to FL280, FL280 to FL410, FL410 to FL600, above FL600?

A
```below FL280 - 1000 feet
FL280-FL410 - 1000 feet if RVSM equipped
2000 feet if not
FL410-FL600 - 2000 feet
above FL600 -  5000 feet```
4
Q

What is RVSM?

A

Reduced Vertical Separation Minima

allows 1000 foot vice 2000 foot separation between FL280 and FL410

5
Q

What is minimum vertical separation from air refueling aircraft?

A

standard separtation above and below the block

6
Q

What is the minimum vertical separation from fuel dumping aircraft?

A

standard separation above and 2000 feet below the dumping aircraft

7
Q

What is the minimum vertical separation from special use airspace?

A

FL290 and below 500 feet

Above FL290 1000 feet

8
Q

What is the normal width of an airway?

A

4NM each side of centerline, total of 8NM

9
Q

Non radar aircraft can be cleared to depart the same airport nonradar if heading diverge by at least how many degrees?

A

45 degrees

10
Q

What is standard longitudinal separation?

A

10 minutes or 20 miles DME

11
Q

What is standard radar separation at most terminal facilities up to, and beyond 40 miles from the radar?

A

less than 40 NM - 3NM

40 or beyond - 5NM

12
Q

What is standard en route radar separation above and below FL600?

A

below FL600 - 5NM

FL600 or above - 10 NM

13
Q

What is required to use visual separation?

A

1) call traffic
2) pilot report traffic in sight
3) instruct pilot to maintain visual separation from that aircraft
5) if like to merge, advise other pilot of visual separation being used

14
Q

What is standard runway separtation?

A

Takeoff does not begin roll, or arrival does not cross threshold until preceding aircraft is clear of end of runway or has turned off runway.

15
Q

What is standard runway separation for intersecting runways?

A

Takeoff does not begin roll, or arrival does not cross threshold until preceding aircraft is clear of intersection.

16
Q

What is the standard direction of turn for a holding aircraft?

A

Right turns

17
Q

What is the standard vertical separation for a holding pattern?

A

Same as en route aircraft

18
Q

What is the standard lateral separation for a holding pattern?

A

Airway width or other holding pattern does not overlap with holding pattern