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Flashcards in Serious Crime Deck (87)
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Initial police responders initial response

• Attending scene at an early stage

•Take control of the situation

•Co-ordinate tasks.


Not all incidents involving homicide are readily identifiable as such. Such incidents include:-

Missing person
Unexplained Death
Unexplained death of infant
Violence where no fatalities are expected
Crime scene with no body
Hit and Run
Fatal fire
Drug related deaths


Police initial responsibilities

V - Victim
A - Appreciation
W - Witness
S - Scene
E - Exhibits
I - Ingredients
P - Powers
O - Offender


Define Appreciation

A proven method of problem solving
Follows a series of steps
Considers all factors and weighs up all benefits and risks
An ongoing process


Benefits of appreciation

Informs all Police of what is expected to be achieved
Increases chances of success
Establishes activities
Manages risk
ensures nothing is overlooked
Effective use of resources


Stages of appreciation



Describe the investigative mentality required for serious crime investigation

No matter the circumstances of death...Always investigate thoroughly and gather sufficient evidence to explain death.


Preservation of life

Ensure own safety
Ensure safety of other 1st responders
Ensure safety of others


What are the three different medical status of the victim of a serious crime?

Alive and uninjured
Alive but injured
Shows no sign of life


What should you consider if you believe the victim may die to their injuries?

Consider a recording an immediate statement whether they can sign it or not.

If the victim dies the statement may be admissible under Section 18(1) Evidence Act 2006 as long as the Court are satisfied that the content and maker of statement are reliable.


5 stages of preserving the scene



Steps when identifying/setting up the scene

Initial assessment of scene
Consideration of Powers
establish parameters, start wide
establish common approach path
consider other scenes
record observations
establish scene HQ


5 Steps when securing the scene

Consider S116, Search and Surveilance Act 2012
Remove all from scene using CAP
Tape off scene
Arrange and breif scene guards
Arrange scene logs


Steps when preserving the scene

Record movements into and out of scene
Preserve any evidence likely to be damaged/destroyed
Consider stepping plates
Record actions in scene


What to consider while at the scene

Initial photographs of scene
Initial photographs of people at the scene


What to record while at the scene

Scene log movements
Record observations
Photographs, consider video recording
Identify anything moved while in scene


Crime scene logs

Only one log to be kept at each point of entry to scene
Log must ID keeper of the record
Used to record names and times of all who enter or leave the scene and their reason for being there.


What to consider when dealing with witnesses at the scene.

TEDS questions to establish what has happened.
A witness may have been so close to events that forensic evidence may have transferred to them, eg - fibres, body fluids, glass.
Avoid cross contamination issues by using different vehicles and interview rooms when dealing with multiple witnesses and victims.


What to consider when dealing with suspects at a scene.


Preliminary interview and return to the station.
Record comments.
Note the suspects appearance.
Co-operation, seek it
Establish routes the suspect used to arrive.
Search, consider it


What to consider in relation to Media at the scene

Keep them away from the immediate scene
Make no comment
Inform the OC investigation


Briefing OC investigation before leaving scene

What happened
What has been done
What is being done
What has to be done


Who should be appointed OC body?

An experienced investigator with awareness of forensic issues


List responsibilities of the OC body


Certificate - verification of death form COR31
Sudden - death procedure completed
In-situ - ensure body photographed in-situ, consider video

Guard - secure & guard the body/samples & exhibits with dignity/respect
Observations - note and record observations of the body
Details - of all medical staff who attend

Da bros - ensure all cultural responsibilities addressed
Maintain - security & continuity of the body/samples/exhibits
Moved - establish if the body has been moved or disturbed
I.D - arrange formal ID on authority of the OC
Transport - arrange transport to the mortuary on OC authority

Mortem - attend post mortem with OC or deputy
Evidence - preserve evidence from the body

Record - what actions has been taken by any party in respect of the body
Arrange - fingerprints & palm prints
Photographer - direct photographer take photo's before/after/during PM
Exhibits - record, label & secure all samples & exhibits from the body
Debrief - attend the debriefing with the pathologist & record findings


Appreciation prior to body removal - Factors to consider

Notification to and from Coroner
Views of Pathologist and ESR
Consultation with other experts
Requirments for any action taken prior to removal of body
Best method and route to take body
Supervision of body removal
Chain of custody of body from scene to mortuary
Safe custody of exhibits
Family and any cultural considerations
Record all SOP's (paper suits, gloves, mask etc)


Establishing if the body has been moved

Record movements of body
do not attempt to restore scene to original unchanged condition
make enquiries to enable the original unchanged scene to be subsequently reconstructed and photgraphed, if required


Steps for moving body

Not to be moved without authority from OC investigation
Record position of body by sketch and photo in situ
Consider recording position of body using measurements from at least two fixed positions
Record all details of body including
Position of limbs
Appearance of body
wounds and clothing
direction of blood trails
Extent of rigor mortis present
Consider health risks posed by handling body
Cover hands, feet and head of body with paper bags and secure with tape. Consult with OC Scene and Investigation prior to this
Ensure clothing on body is not contaminated by contact with foreign objects
Wrap body in plastic sheet and place in body bag
careful search where body lay
retain all sheets, bags and other materials used as exhibits
Arrange for contracted undertaker to transport body
Ensure security and continuity of body


Role of OC Body during post mortem

Observe, document and deal with exhibits in a methodical manner


Purpose of Post mortem

Establish the cause of death

- Mode and time of death
- How injuries contributed to death
- Nature and size of weapons
- approximate height and stature of suspect
- provide areas of interest for interviews
- negate defences
- ID victim


Who may attend Post Mortem

(S38 of Coroners Act 2006)

Assisting Pathologist
Dr who treated deceased
Dr, nurse or funeral director representing deceased
A Dr representing the interests of suspect who has or may be charged in relation to the death
Any other Dr or trainee Dr
Any other person authorised by Coroner


What Police members should attend Post Mortem?

OC Investigation
OC Body
OC exhibits if required
Police photographer
SOCO or fingerprint officer if required