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Flashcards in Settlement Key Words Deck (13)
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Site

The physical land on which the settlement is built

1

Situation

The location of the settlement in relation to the surrounding area. A good situation is an area with potential for growth

2

Bridging point

A settlement located where a river is forded or bridged

3

Route focus (nodal point)

This is a communications focus i.e. crossroads or where roads and railways converge

4

Wet-point site

The site of a settlement close to a water supply, such as a spring line on a chalk escarpment

5

Dry-point site

The site of a settlement which avoids land prone to flooding, such as a gravel mound or valley side

6

Patterns of settlement - isolated

Individual farmhouse separated and surrounded by fields and woodland

7

Patterns of settlement - dispersed

Small settlements (farms and hamlets) dotted around the countryside

8

Patterns of settlement - nucleated

Houses, farms and buildings grouped together into villages

9

Settlement shapes - linear

Houses and buildings located along a road, river or canal; common in steep-sided narrow valleys

10

Settlement shapes - loose knit

Buildings are more spread out although loosely grouped around crossroads or junctions

11

Settlement shapes - t-shaped or y-shaped

Found at road junctions

12

Settlement shapes - double village

A settlement which has developed either side of a ford or bridging point