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Flashcards in Settlement (2) Key Words Deck (11)
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Nucleated settlement

clustered; houses, farms and buildings grouped together into villages

1

Dispersed settlement

spread out; small settlements (farms and hamlets) dotted around the countryside

2

Linear settlement

houses and buildings located along a road, river or canal; common in steep-sided narrow valleys

3

Settlement function

the purpose of a settlement - why it is there and the "work" that it does, e.g. residential, industrial, commercial,and educational functions. Many large towns are multi-functional

4

Settlement hierarchy

the arrangement of settlements in an order of importance. This is usually based on the size of area and population, the number of services/functions and the relative sphere of influence

5

Sphere of influence

the area served by a particular settlement

6

Threshold

the minimum number of people needed to sustain a good or service

7

Range

the maximum distance that a customer is prepared to travel in order to obtain a good or service

8

Effective area

floor space rather than ground space, because buildings in the CBD are usually several stories high

9

PLVP

Peak Land Value Point - this is the part of the city where the land values are at their most expensive

10

Distance decay

the concept of land values falling as distance from the city centre increases