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COGS17 - Final > Sex > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sex Deck (12):
1

Two Different Delivery Systems

the blood vessels moving directly into the hypothalamus which stimulates anterior pituitary to release hormones into the body

neurons that reach down into the posterior pituitary gland, neurons stimulate it to release its own hormones which go into the blood stream

2

Hypothalamus

responsible for instructing the endocrine system of which hormones to circulate

3

Genetic Determination

not sufficient for determining gender

people with XY chromosomes can have female anatomy

4

Hypothalamus controls..

... Endocrine (hormone) systems via effect on adjacent Pituitary Gland (the "Master Gland")

5

Hypothalamus produces Releasing Hormones that...

...flow via blood vessels to Anterior Pituitary stimulating gland to release its own hormones

6

Hypothalamus produces other Hormones

(e.g. Oxytocin)

sent (like NTs) via axons to Posterior Pituitary, then circulate in bloodstream

7

Reproductive Hormones

have organizing effects (on anatomy in fetal development and puberty) and activating effects (influence behavior)

8

both sexes have

female (Estrogens) and male (Androgens) hormones, just in different proportions

9

these steroid hormones are produced mainly in

Ovaries/Testes, but also in Hypothalamus and Adrenal Glands

10

Typically males have ____ sex chromosomes

XY

11

Typically females have ____ sex chromosomes

XX

12

hormone activity is required to determine...

...GENDER!