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Flashcards in Sexuality Deck (86):
0

Gonad

Produces cells essential to reproduction

1

Oocytes

Cell that will develop into eggs

2

Adrenarche

Development of secondary sex characteristics in both sexes

3

Thelarche

Development of breast tissue

4

Aspermia

No sperm

5

Oligospermia

< 20 mil/mL

6

Cystocele

Bladder herniated into anterior vagina

7

Rectocele

Rectum herniated into vagina

8

Culdoscopy

Inspecting pouch behind the uterus for fluid or blood

9

Bicornuate uterus

Lips

10

Gynecomastia

Developing fem attributes in a male

11

Menorrhagia

Heavy menstrual cycle
> 80mL per cycle

12

Metrorrhagia

Bleeding between cycles
Can be from starting oral contraception, infection, and early year menstruation

13

Menopause

Cessation of cycle
40-55
51

14

Biological gender

Chromosomal identity

15

Gender identity

Inner sense of gender

16

Gender role

Exhibited gender

17

Transsexual

Biologically one
Identifies as another

18

Voyeurism

Sexual pleasure through looking at another

19

Ed

Inability to hold an erection for penetration

20

Premature ejaculation

Before vaginal contact or partners satisfaction

21

Vaginismus

Involuntary contraction of vaginal outlet preventing sex

22

Dyspareunia

Painful sex

23

Contraception

Preventing production

24

Natural family planning

Abstinence during fertile period
25-85% success

25

Fertile days

Days most likely to get pregnant

26

Fertility awareness

Detecting when a woman is fertile

27

Abstinence

Refraining from sex

28

Bbt

Basal body temperature
Falls 0.5 day before ovulation
Rises 1 degree during ovulation

29

Coitus interruptus

Pulling out

30

Transdermal contraception

Slowly release estrogen and progesterone.
3 weeks on
1 off for cycle
Applied to triceps, abdomen, buttocks, or upper torso (not breasts)

31

Spermicide

Product that kills sperm

32

Vaginal ring

Surrounds cervix and releases estrogen and progesterone
3:1

33

Intrauterine device

Not common. Thought to lead to inflammation preventing implantation
Inserted before sex/after menses
5-10 years

34

Barrier methods

Gels, creams, suppositories, and sponges put in vagina

35

Diaphragm

Rubber disk over cervix
Fitted by physician and checked with weight/preg change

36

Cervical cap

Rubber hat over the cervix

37

Condom

Male and female
Prevent STI

38

Vasectomy

Ductus deferens snipped and cauterized
Fluid but no sperm
99.5% effective but needs 6 months

39

Tubal ligation

Interstitial Tubes tied. Prevent ovum and sperm travel.
Cut and cauteried

40

Elective termination

Abortion

41

Hermaphrodite

Both male and female reproductive tracts
Testosterone present but Müllerian duct not suppressed

42

Pseudohermaphrodites

External appearance of some external features but only one set

43

Cryptorchidism

Failure of testes to descend

44

Hydrocele

Undescended testes and scrotum filled with fluid

45

Varicocele

Enlargement of veins to the spermatic cord
Can cause sub fertility

46

Orchiectomy

Removal of testes

47

Mittelschmerz

Pain in lower quadrants from a drop of blood or follicular fluid into the abdominal cavity
Marks ovulation

48

Anovulatory

No ovulation. Usually early in menstrual years

49

Endometriosis

Abnormal growth of cells in the culdesac, uterine ligaments, or ovaries

50

Amenorrhea

Absence of period
Excessive exercise, low body weight, and pregnancy

51

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Disorder including anxiety, fatigue, bloating, headache, appetite disturbance, irrationality, and depression
Occurs in luteal phase

52

Toxic shock syndrome

Staph usually from tampons

53

Vulvovaginitis

Infection and inflammation of vulva or vagina

54

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Infection starting at end of menstruation of repro tract above cervix usually caused by std
If severe or prolonged, usually strep or ecoli

55

Fibrocystic breast disease

Movable Fluid filled cysts form in breast connective tissue that change with cycle
Late adolescent-45

56

Sexually transmitted infections

Sexual contact with a partner
Little immunity gained through repeat exposure

57

Orchiopexy

Moving an undescended teste and permanently fix it there after 6-12 months

58

Precocious development

Secondary sex characteristics before 8-9 caused by early gonadotropin release, tumors, pituitary trauma. More common in girls

59

Delayed puberty

Secondary sex characteristics not present at 14 or 15

60

Balanitis

Inflammation of glans and prepuce

61

Phimosis and paraphimosis

Can not pull foreskin back.

62

Torsion

Twisted spermatic cord

63

Female circumcision

Removal of the clitoris

64

Imperforate hymen

Detected after menses with obstructed flow

65

Accessory nipples

Occur along mammary lines. May grow bigger during puberty.

66

Breast hypertrophy

Excessive breast development even after progesterone levels have risen.

67

Breast hypoplasia

Due to reduced amount of fatty tissue

68

Fat necrosis

Fatty layer necrosis due to trauma leaving firm lump

69

Fibroadenoma

Fibrotic and glandular tumors caused by estrogen stimulation. Firm, rubbery, or hard

70

Candidiasis

Yeast infection
Common with oral contraception, pregnancy, sex, antibiotics, moisture, tight clothing

71

Trichomoniasis

Protozoan taking 4-20 days to present

72

Bacterial vaginosis

Gardnerella causes discharge, fishlike odor

73

Chlamydia

1-5 week incubation
Gonorrhea usually tested at the same time
50-75% asymptomatic

74

Transdermal need to knows:

Not applied on top of creams, lotions, make up
Remove if loosened and start cycle over
Increased adherence since 3x a month

75

Dysmenorrhea

Painful menstruation

76

Amenorrhea

Absence of flow from pregnancy or excessive prolactin

77

Toxic shock syndrome

Infection caused by Staph entering through damaged vaginal walls

78

HPV

Genital warts
Fibrous tissue overgrowth

79

Herpes

Skin to skin or mucous membrane contact
3-14 day incubation
4 viruses

80

Gonorrhea

2-7 days incubation
Must be reported to state
Adolescents name partners
Untreated becomes systemic

81

Syphilis

10-90 day incubation
Spread by active lesion
Reported to public health

82

Chancre

Lesion of syphilis

83

Types of IUD

Hormonal or copper

84

Therapeutic insemination

Sperm placed at cervix

85

IvF

Fertilization in laboratory