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Flashcards in Test 5 Vocab Deck (78):
0

Developmental milestones

Major markers of normal development

1

Growth

An increase in physical size or quantitative change

2

Development

Increase in skill or ability to function

3

Maturation

Reaching adulthood or appropriate development

4

Temperament

A child's innate pattern of behavior including adaptability, withdraw or approach, activity level, and rhythms

5

Developmental task

A skill or growth responsibility arising at a particular time that if achieved will provide a foundation for a future task

6

Trust V Mistrust

Infants viewing the world as safe and comfortable or suspicious and rejecting

7

Autonomy V Shame/Doubt

A child takes hold of decisions and decision making or has little decision making ability and confidence

8

Initiative V Guilt

Starting activities independently or not being confident in their choices

9

Industry V Inferiority

Learning to independently do things well or not having confidence in completed or attempted tasks

10

Identity V Role Confusion

Integrating different roles into one being or struggling to identify themselves and who they are

11

Intimacy V Isolation

Ability to relate and accept others or being emotionally alone

12

Generativity V Stagnation

Developing self-confidence, the ability to handle numerous roles, and awareness for the needs of others. Or to be self absorbed and only fulfilling few roles

13

Integrity V Dispair

Reflecting positively on life or wanting to be able to redo or change the last

14

Cognitive development

Learning through thinking and reason

15

Sensorimotor stage

Using senses and movement to learn practically
Birth-2

16

Permanence

Awareness that objects exist out of site

17

Schemas

The organization of thought

18

Centering

Focusing on only one aspect of an object

19

Conservation

Change in form does not mean change in amount

20

Reversibility

Ability to retrace steps

21

Role fantasy

Changing reality to fit how the child would like for things to be

22

Assimilation

Taking in information and fitting it with existing ideas

23

Accommodation

The change of ideas to fit reality

24

Egocentrism

Personal need L&D supersede others needs

25

Abstract thought

Allows problem solving, critical thinking, and the development of hypotheses

26

Extrusion reflex

Tongue reflex expelling food out of the mouth. Stops at 4 months

27

Natal teeth

Teeth present at birth

28

Neonatal teeth

Teeth present in the first 4 weeks

29

Deciduous teeth

Teeth until 6-7. Protect the dental arch

30

Neck-righting reflex

Turning the shoulders, trunk, and pelvis in the same direction the head is turned. Begins at 4 months

31

Thumb opposition

Bringing thumbs and fingers together. Grossly starts at 4 months

32

Pincer grasp

Placing thumb and pincer together. 10 months

33

Binocular vision

Ability to fuse two images in one across the viewing midline

34

Hand regard

Holding and studying their hands held in front of their own face. 3 months

35

Social smile

Intentionally reciprocating a smile. 6 weeks

36

Eighth month old anxiety

Acute fear of strangers at 8 months

37

Object permanence

An object out of site still exists. 10 months

38

Seborrhea

A scaly scalp condition also called cradle cap. Scaly patches that are erythematic underneath

39

Baby-bottle syndrome

Decay of the upper teeth due to putting baby to bed with a bottle

40

Assimilation

Changing a situation or one's perception to fit thoughts

41

Autonomy

Independence

42

Deferred imitation

Ability to remember an action and imitate it later

43

Discipline

Setting rules to establish expectations

44

Lordosis

Forward curve of the spine

45

Parallel play

Playing next to but not with another
Toddler

46

Preoperational thought

End of toddler stage when a child begins to use assimilation

47

Punishment

Consequence resulting from breaking rules

48

Tertiary circular reaction stage

"Little scientist"
Child try's new ways to do things and can follow a different path to get an object that has rolled away

49

Broken fluency

Repetition and prolonged sounds of sounds, syllables, and words

50

Bruxism

Grinding teeth while sleeping

51

Conservation

Change in form does not equal change in quantity

52

Ectomorphic body type

Slim build

53

Endomorph

Larger build

54

Electra complex

Preschool girl attachment to father

55

Genu valgas

Knees touch medially
Knock knees

56

Intuitional thought

Inability to view themselves as others see them or to see from another's perspective.
Toddler-preschool

57

Oedipus complex

Preschool son has strong affection to mother

58

Secondary stuttering

Develops after a child speaks without stuttering

59

Accommodation vision

Ability to visually adjust to a close object

60

Intellectual accommodation

The ability to change thoughts to fit what is perceived

61

Caries

Dental cavities

62

Class inclusion

Objects can belong in more than one class

63

Decententering

To see from another's perspective

64

Inclusion

Children with disabilities attending regular schools or classes

65

Latchkey children

A child without supervision for a part of each workday

66

Malocclusion

Deviation from normal teeth positioning

67

Nocturnal emissions

Ejaculation during sleep

68

Adolescence

13-20

69

Comedones

Blackhead acne

70

Formal operational thought

Thinking abstractly and using the scientific method

71

Glycogen loading

Refraining from carbs for several days before an athletic event and then gorging on a large amour the day before

72

Identity

Determining who one is
Adolescence

73

Puberty

Person is capable of sexual reproduction

74

Role confusion

Uncertainty or non development of identity

75

Stalking

Repetitive and unwanted attempts to gain attention or evoke fear

76

Substance abuse

Using any chemical to alter cognition or obtain euphoria

77

Labels mood

Abrupt change in mood and demeanor