SG: Ch 15: Operating System Basics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SG: Ch 15: Operating System Basics Deck (20)
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1
Q

Which of the following allows you to navigate file⁄folder structures in Windows 10?

A. Start menu

B. File Explorer

C. KDE

D. GNOME

A

B. File Explorer

The File Explorer allows you to navigate the file⁄folder structure in Windows 10. The Start menu allows you to launch applications. KDE and GNOME are Linux desktop shells.

2
Q

Which operating system feature offers the ability for a single application to have multiple requests into the processor at one time?

A. Multiuser mode

B. Dystopia

C. Preemption

D. Multithreading

A

D. Multithreading

When a program is multithreaded, it is written to allow for multiple requests into the processor at one time. Preemption, multiuser mode, and dystopia are not correct answers.

3
Q

What is the minimum amount of memory required for a 32-bit installation of Windows 8.1?

A. 128 MB

B. 256 MB

C. 512 MB

D. 1 GB

A

D. 1 GB

The minimum amount of memory required for the installation of the 32-bit Windows 8.1 operating system is 1 GB.

4
Q

To turn off a Windows 10 operating system gracefully, you should do which of the following?

A. Run the turnoff command at a command prompt.

B. Turn off the switch and unplug the machine.

C. Press Ctrl+Alt+Del.

D. Select Start, then the power icon, and then choose Shut Down.

A

D. Select Start, then the power icon, and then choose Shut Down.

In Windows 10, when you click the Start button, a power icon is displayed on the lower left. From the power icon, you can sleep, reboot, or shut down the operating system. There is no command named turnoff. Tuning the power switch off and unplugging the machine are not graceful way to power off the operating system. Pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del alone will not power down the computer.

5
Q

How do you increase the size of the taskbar?

A. Right-click the mouse and drag the taskbar.

B. Left-click the mouse and double-click the taskbar.

C. Move the mouse pointer to the top of the taskbar, pausing until the pointer turns into a double-headed arrow, and then click and drag.

D. Highlight the taskbar and double-click in the center.

A

C. Move the mouse pointer to the top of the taskbar, pausing until the pointer turns into a double-headed arrow, and then click and drag.

You can increase the size of the taskbar size placing the cursor over the top of the taskbar and dragging it up.

6
Q

What is the maximum allowable length for the name of a file in Windows?

A. 8 characters

B. 32 characters

C. 64 characters

D. 255 characters

A

D. 255 characters

The maximum allowable length for a filename is 255 characters.

7
Q

Which of the following was a major change with the introduction of Windows 8?

A. Start screen

B. Gadgets

C. Sidebar

D. System tray

A

A. Start screen

The Start screen was introduced with Windows 8 and replaced the Start menu, by providing a full-screen Start menu. Gadgets and the Sidebar were introduced in Windows Vista. The system tray is what the notification area is now called in the current operating system.

8
Q

Which of the following is located on the rightmost portion of the taskbar?

A. Start menu

B. Quick Launch

C. Notification area

D. Shutdown options

A

C. Notification area

The notification area is the area on the rightmost portion of the taskbar. It is used to display the date and time and running background applications. The Quick Launch and Start menu are located on the leftmost portion of the taskbar. Shutdown options are found inside the Start menu in Windows 10.

9
Q

If a program doesn’t have a shortcut on the Desktop or in the Programs submenu, you can start it by which of the following methods? (Choose the best answer.)

A. Using the shutdown command

B. Typing the program name in the Start box

C. Using the run command and typing in the name of the program

D. Typing cmd in the Start box followed by the program name

A

B. Typing the program name in the Start box

Typing the program name in the Start box allows you to launch the program. The shutdown command will shut down the operating system. Run is not a command; it is a dialog box. The cmd command starts the command-prompt application.

10
Q

The Windows File Explorer program can be used to do which of the following? (Choose two.)

A. Browse the Internet

B. Copy and move files

C. Change file attributes

D. Create backup jobs

A

B. Copy and move files

C. Change file attributes

The Windows File Explorer program can be used to copy and move files. Window File Explorer can also be used to change file attributes. Windows File Explorer cannot be used to browse the Internet or to create backup jobs.

11
Q

What is the minimum amount of free hard drive space required for the installation of Windows 7 64-bit?

A. 1.5 GB

B. 15 GB

C. 20 GB

D. 60 GB

A

C. 20 GB

The minimum amount of free hard drive space required for Windows 7 64-bit is 20 GB.

12
Q

Which of the following Windows Update options can be changed by the user in Windows 10?

A. Active hours

B. Disabling updates

C. Download times

D. Windows Update sources

A

A. Active hours

The active hours of the operating system can be changed. During these times, the operating system will not reboot after the update has been installed. Disabling updates, changing download times directly, and changing Windows Update sources are not user-related tasks.

13
Q

Which part of the operating system can be described as extremely specific software written for the purpose of instructing the OS on how to access a piece of hardware?

A. Source code

B. Application

C. Kernel

D. Driver

A

D. Driver

A driver is specifically written to instruct the operating system to communicate with a piece of hardware. Source code is the original code the software is written in. An application is a program written to perform a specific purpose to interact with the user. The kernel is the core of the operating system.

14
Q

Which of the following is a program that runs on top of the OS and allows the user to issue commands through a set of menus or some other graphical interface?

A. Taskbar

B. Shell

C. Desktop

D. Source

A

B. Shell

The shell is a program that runs on top of the OS and allows user interaction with the operating system. The taskbar is an element of the Desktop. The Desktop does not allow for commands to be executed. Source is not related to the graphical interface.

15
Q

In Windows, a deleted file can be retrieved using which of the following?

A. My Computer icon

B. Recycle Bin

C. Control Panel

D. Settings app

A

B. Recycle Bin

The Recycle Bin is a temporary spot that files are deleted to but from where they can be retrieved if deleted mistakenly. The My Computer icon is another way to start the File Explorer. The Control Panel and Settings app are used to customize the operating system.

16
Q

Which of the following can you type in the Start menu in Windows to open a command prompt? (Choose two.)

A. run

B. cmd

C. command

D. open

A

B. cmd

C. command

You can open a command prompt by typing cmd or command in the Start menu. The command prompt utility will pop up in the search results.Run is not a command; it is a dialog box. Open is not a command; it is an operating system action.

17
Q

In Windows, a quick way to access Help is to press which keyboard key?

A. F12

B. The Windows key on the keyboard

C. F1

D. Alt

A

C. F1

18
Q

What is the minimum required memory for a 64-bit installation of Windows 7?

A. 512 MB

B. 1 GB

C. 2 GB

D. 4 GB

A

C. 2 GB

The minimum amount of memory required for the 64-bit installation of the Windows 7 is 2 GB.

19
Q

What is the minimum required memory for a 64-bit installation of Windows 10?

A. 512 MB

B. 1 GB

C. 2 GB

D. 4 GB

A

C. 2 GB

The minimum amount of memory required for the 64-bit installation of the Windows 10 is 2 GB.

20
Q

In addition to right-clicking the Desktop, how else can you access the Display Properties settings?

A. By clicking the Settings gear in the Start menu

B. By clicking the System icon under Control Panel

C. By pressing Ctrl+Alt+Esc

D. By pressing Ctrl+Alt+Tab

A

A. By clicking the Settings gear in the Start menu

Clicking the Settings gear in the Start menu will open the Settings app. From there, the System category will allow you to change the Display Properties. Clicking the System icon under the Control Panel allows you to change system settings. Pressing Ctrl+Alt+Esc launches the Task Manager. Pressing Ctrl+Alt+Tab launches the Task View in Windows 10.