SG - Clinical Skin Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SG - Clinical Skin Exam Deck (60):
1

Flat skin lesions

Macules and patches

2

Macule

Flat, non palpable, less than 1cm

3

Patch

Same as a macule just larger than 1 cm

4

Raised lesions

Papule
Plaque
Nodule

5

Papule

Raised
Less than 1 cm

6

Plaque

Broad raised palpable lesion, confluence of smaller raised lesions coming together

7

Nodule

Very large bump or lump larger than 1 cm

8

Raised and fluid filled lesions

Vesicles
Bulla
Pustule

9

Vesicles

Small palpable lesions less than 1 cm filled with fluid

10

Bulla

Large fluid filled lesion larger than 1cm

11

Pustule

Vesicle where fluid inside it is turbid due to pus

12

Linear

In a line

13

Annular

Ring shaped

14

Herpetiform

Clustered together

15

Target Shaped

Shaped like a target

16

Serpiginous

Snake like

17

Discoid/Coin/Round/Nummular

Rounded, circular

18

Gyrate

Whirling in a circle

19

Violaceous

Bluish tint

20

Types of pigmentation

Depigmented
Hyperpigmented
Hypopigmented

21

Intertiginous

Skin flaps

22

Dystrophy

Abnormal formation of skin, common around the skin

23

Excoriation

a scratch

24

Erosion

Loss of skin surface

25

Fissure

This crack

26

Ulcer

full thickness skin loss

27

Fungating

Erupting like a fungus

28

Lichenification

Thickened skin from rubbing

29

Lichenoid

Lichenification that adheres tightly

30

Scaling

Hyperkeratosis, an increase thickening of skin

31

Verrucous

Warty

32

Maceration

Moist peeling skin

33

Desquamation

Skin coming off in scales

34

Exfoliation

Peeling skin

35

Psoriasiform

Large white or silver flakes

36

Keratotic

Horny scale

37

Pityriasiform

Powdery scale

38

Boggy

fluidy

39

Woody

Firm, wood-like

40

Indurated

Thickened via infection, hard and wet

41

Blanching

Color goes away when you press on it

42

Weeping

Oozing, liquidy

43

What causes Tinea Versicolor?

Malessezia yeast

44

Saprophyte

Lives off of dead and decaying matter

45

Dermatophyte

Infects keratinized skin

46

Is Tinea Versicolor a saprophyte or dermaophyte?

Saprophyte

47

Treatment for Tinea Versicolor

Antifungals

48

Presentation of Tinea Versicolor

Hypo/Hyperpigmented, or Erythematous macules on trunk

49

How do we treat Pityriasis Rosa?

Erythromycin treats this

50

Presentation of Pityriasis Rosa

Starts with a herald patch and within 1-2 weeks, general exanthem of bilateral and symmetric macules with scaling along cleavage lines

51

Common cause of Pseudomonas Folliculitis

Hot tub is a common cause of this

52

Presentation of Pseudomonas Folliculitis

Pruitic, erythematous macules progressing to papules and pustules

53

Cause of Seabather's Eruption

Cnidaria Larvae exposure

54

Treatment for Seabather's Eruption

Wash with fresh water, NO RUBBING

55

Presentation of Seabather's

Inflammatory papules in area of exposure

56

Other name for Atopic Dermatitis?

Eczema

57

Presentation of eczema

Xerosis (dry skin), ezcematous lesions, lichenification

58

Treatment for Eczema

Control triggers and itching

59

Etiology of Psoriasis

Hyperproliferation of keratinocytes

60

Treatment for Psoriasis

Anti-inflammatories