Sichuan Flashcards Preview

Earthquakes/ Tsunamis > Sichuan > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sichuan Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where did it happen?

Sichuan, province south west china.

2

Type of plate boundary involved

Destructive between the Indo-Australian plate and Eurasian plate.

3

Name of fault line

Longmenshan Fault

4

When did it happen?

May 12th 2008

5

Richter scale?

7.9

6

Epicentre

80km northwest of Chengdu, the provincial capital.

7

Focus

Depth of 19km

8

Primary Economic Effect

Rail distorted, cargo train carrying 13 carriages derailed

391 dams damaged

9

Secondary Economic Effect

Oil prices dropped over speculation that demand from china would fall

Cost £191bn

Shifang chemical plants collapsed killing hundreds and releasing toxic ammonia

10

Primary Social Effects (General)

69,000 killed
374,000 injured
18,200 missing
4.8 million homeless
(could be as high as 11 million)

11

Primary Social Effect BONUS

100 schools collapsed killing 10,000 children

12

Primary Environmental Effects

Landslides

13

Secondary Social Effects

Communications e.g. telephones cut off

6 pandas escaped from enclosures in Wolong NNR
2inured, 1 dead

Rivers blocked by landslides forming 34 quake lakes.

14

Immediate Responses

20 helicopters dispatched
Troops parachuted in
Thousands of army men deployed

15

Long Term

China requested help from Japan, Russia and Korea helped.
Redcross donated food and medicine
Banks wrote off debts of survivors without insurance

16

How well managed was it?

badly
no regular drills or evacuation spots
poorly constructed buildings
highly corrupt country--> regulations bypassed to make cheap buildings.

17

Why so many schools collapsed?

Schools meant to be built to stricter guidelines, just shows how corrupt it is.