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HAP1 Mid Sem - LO3 - Proccesses > Skeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeletal Deck (20):
1

Functions of the Skeletal system

1. Supports body
2. Protection of soft organs
3. Storage of minerals and fats
4. Blood cell information

2

Re-modeling

Bones change in width and shape whilst growing in length

3

Osteoblasts

Widen

4

Osteoclasts

Reabsorb

5

Bone salts

Give bones its hardness and resistance to compression

6

Organic matrix

Gives bones its flexibility

7

Epiphyseal plates

1. New cartilage is continuously formed
2. Old cartilage becomes ossified
3. Cartilage is broken down
4. Bone replaces cartilage

8

6 main types of body movement

1. Flexion
2. Extension
3. Rotation
4. Abduction
5. Adduction
6. Circumduction

9

7 special body movements

1. Dorsiflexion
2. Plantar flexion
3. Inversion
4. Eversion
5. Supination
6. Pronation
7. Opposition

10

Flexion

Joint bending so it brings together the parts it connects

11

Extension

The straightening of a joint

12

Abduction

Movement away from the mid line of the body

13

Adduction

Movement towards the mid line of the body

14

Circumduction

A circular movement - combining flexion, abduction, extension, adduction and rotation.

15

Dorsiflexion

Movement of the ankle which pulls the toes and the foot upwards

16

Plantar flexion

Pointing toes away from the body

17

Inversion

Turning inwards of the plantar aspect of the foot

18

Eversion

Turning outwards of the plantar aspect of the foot

19

Supination

Lying on back

20

Pronation

Lying on stomach