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Flashcards in Skeletal System Deck (46)
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1

What is the only bone that moves in your scull?

Mandible

2

What bones are in the scull?

Frontal bone
14 facial bones
Cranium which is made up of 8 large flat bones
23 approx in the scull

3

What do the ribs do?

Acts as a protective cage that encloses many of your delicate internal organs, such as your heart an lungs.

4

What does your spine allow you to do?

It allows you to hold your head and body upright and allows you to bend and twist your body.

5

How many vertebrae make up your spine?

33

6

What are the bones of your spine called?

Vertebrae

7

The ............. ........ are sandwiched between your vertebrae and are fibrous cartilage.

Intervertebral discs

8

What makes your hip joint?

The head of your femur fits inside a deep socket in your pelvis called the acetabulum.

9

What is the largest and strongest bone in the body?

Femur

10

What are the four bones in the leg?

Tibia, fibula, femur and patella

11

What are false ribs?

False ribs: The lower five ribs do not directly connect to the sternum and are known as false ribs.The last two false ribs, however, usually have no ventral attachment (no anchor at all in front) and are called floating, fluctuating or vertebral ribs.

12

What are true ribs?

True ribs: The first seven ribs attach to the sternum (the breast bone) in the front and are known as true (or sternal) ribs.

13

What bones make you your shoulder?

Clavicle and humorous

14

What type of socket makes up your shoulder?

Ball and socket

15

What can your should easily dislocate?

Because it's incredibly flexible

16

What bones are in your arm?

Humorous, ulna and radius

17

How many bones in each hand?

27

18

How many bones are in your feet?

26

19

Bones in feet

Metatarsals, tarsals and phalanges

20

Bones in hands

Metacarpals, carpals and phalanges

21

What are the five functions of bones?

Give body shape
Movement
Protection
Storage
Production

22

How many bones are in the skeleton?

206

23

How many bones in the head and top of the body?

80

24

How many bones in the appendicular skeleton?

126

25

What are the types of bones?

Small, flat, long, secimal and irregular

26

What are joints?

When two or more bones meet

27

What are the types of joints?

Immovable, slightly movable and freely moveable

28

What allows joints to move without them touching?

Synovial fluids

29

How many types of freely moveable joints are there?

6

30

How to broken bones heal?

They heal by blood that clots coming out of the broken bone then hardens and heals itself.

31

What is a disease that can affect healthy bones?

Osteoporosis

32

Preventions of diseases that affects bones...

Broccoli
Nut
Seaweed
Dietary supplement pill
Milk/calcium

33

How many vertebrae in the cervical?

7

34

How many vertebrae in the thoracic?

12

35

How many vertebrae in the lumbar?

5

36

How many vertebrae in the sacrum?

5 vertebra fused together

37

How many vertebrae in the coccyx?

4 vertebrae fused together

38

What are bones as a percentage?

50% water and 50% solid matter

39

What is bone marrows?

Some bones have a hollow centre containing bone marrow, producing blood cells

40

Long bones in the body are ......

Phalanges
Femur
Humorous

41

Short bones

Carpals
Tarsals

42

Flat bones

Scapula
Ribs

43

Irregular bones

Vertebrae

44

Sesamoid bones

Palatella

45

What are the 6 types of synovial joints?

Hinge (knee)
Ball and socket (shoulder)
Saddle (thumb)
Pivot (axix)
Gliding (carpals, tarsals)
Condyloid (wrist where carpals meet with ulna and radius)

46

How many bones in the axial skeleton?

80