Skill Acquisition Flashcards Preview

RBT Exam > Skill Acquisition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skill Acquisition Deck (14):
1

Skill Acquisition Plan

a detailed description of what and how to teach your client

2

Program Guide

1. Identifying Information
2. Program Title
3. Target Skill/Operational Definition
4. Data Collection Strategies
5. Teaching Procedures
6. Date and Staff Initials

3

Conditioned Reinforcement

function as reinforcers due to your past learning; over time you learned to love these things

4

Unconditioned Reinforcement

function as reinforcers due to heredity/evolution

they do not require any learning history to become reinforcers (things you inherently love)

5

Continuous Reinforcement

providing a preferred consequence each time the behavior occurs

6

Intermittent Reinforcement

providing a preferred consequence every Nth number of occurrences of the desired behavior to ensure that the desired behavior will continue to occur in more natural situations without reinforcement

7

Discrete Trial Training

-a type of teaching procedure used for discrete skills (a clear beginning and end
-ABC model
-repeated practice
-several trials for consecutive learning opportunities

8

Naturalistic Teaching Procedures

-a type of teaching procedure used for skills that do not necessarily have a clear beginning and end
-effective for skills that are supposed to "naturally" occur at anytime
-RBT does not typically provide direct instruction

9

Task Analysis

a type of teaching procedure used for skills that have multiple steps

10

Discrimination Training

establishes relations between things (X is this, not that)

only provide reinforcement when client touches the correct stimulus

11

Stimulus Control

when an individual behaves in one way in the presence of a given stimulus and another way in its absence

12

Stimulus Fading

highlighting a physical dimension of a stimulus and then gradually fading it

ex. learning to draw an object beginning with solid lines and gradually fading the lines till you can independently draw the object

13

Prompt

Supplementary antecedent stimulus used to occasion a correct response in the presence of an SD

14

Types of Prompts

1. Verbal Instructions
2. Modeling
3. Physical Guidance