Smoking cessation Flashcards Preview

Respiratory system 2017 > Smoking cessation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Smoking cessation Deck (13):
1

How many known carcinogens are in cigarette smoke?

40

2

List some carcinogens found in cigarette smoke

Nicotine
Tar
Carbon monoxide
Arsenic
Acetone
Cadmium
Hydrogen cyanide

3

What is the average loss of life in years in smokers?

7.5 years

4

List some cancers linked to smoking

Lung
Upper respiratory
Bladder
Pancreas
Oesophagus
Kidney

5

List some illnesses linked to smoking

Type II DM
Psoriasis
Macular degeneration
Oestoporosis
Peptic ulcers, UC, CD
Sarcoidosis
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

6

What is the nicotine hit of a E-cig compared to a cigarette?

20-25%

7

What are E-cigarettes?

Battery powered vaporisers of a solution of nicotine and propylene glycol/polyethlene glycol. Lacks 69 carcinogens of cigarettes

8

What proportion of pregnant women smoke?

1/3

9

What are the effects of smoking on pregnancy?

1/3 increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death

10

What are the societal costs of smoking?

Loss of productivity
Absenteeism
Fires
Passive smoking effects

11

Describe what is involved in standardised packaging, introduced in May 2016

picture warnings
ban on distinguishable flavours
min pack size = 20
limits on tar, nicotine and CO
Banned use of "mild" or "ultra smooth"

12

Describe the tobacco regulation initiated by WHO

No smoking in hotels
Only in designated rooms in homes/prisons
Places not substantially enclosed
Actors
Specialist shops
Tackle smuggling and increase tax
UK "duty paid" labels in UK on legit products

13

Who can you and patient contact for advice when quitting smoking?

Smoking advisory service