Flashcards in Social Psychology Test 2 Deck (38):
What is parental investment theory?
Sex w/t higher investment is choosier about mating. [WOMEN]
Sex w/t lower investment has to compete for sexual access. [MEN]
What happened in Clark & Hatfield FSU experiment?
Hint: "Would you like to have sex with me or go on a date or go to my apt"
Men were more likely to have sex than women.
They were equal to go on a date.
What is the error management theory?
Hazleton & Buss
We don't know peoples intentions and there will always be some error...
Error on the side of caution..
Men overestimate women's sexual interest.
Women underestimate mens sexual interest.
What are signs of a fertile woman?
Lower waist to hip ratio
What should women look for in a male?
What is cuckoldry?
Raising another mans baby.
Why do men prefer signs of fatefulness and chastity?
To avoid being cuckolded.
What type of competition relevant for women and why?
Name calling/ physical...
Women are more likely to compete with reputation...
Name call other women as "sluts"
Wont fight because there body's are too important for reproduction.
Explain Informational warfare... Hess and Hagen
Gossip is important and the more friends you have the better off you are.
You try to tarnish reputations because men would care about it.
What are dyadic pairs?
A pair of two people who are more likely to share information.
Explain sexual economics...
Sex is a resource that women have and men want...
When there are more women in the mating market they are more sexual...
When the supply of women is high the price of sex is low!
True of false
Women are the larger supporter of the sexual double standard?
Why are men more likely to participate in physical aggression?
To prove that they are a protector.
To be at the top of the "hierarchy"
Why is a culture of honor important?
Ex: The south
They lack established police and they have to protect there own stock and life
You create a reputation so that people don't mess with your shit!
What are the 3 basic types of attractions?
Attachment (compashonet love)
How are mens sexual desire different then women?
more stimulated by visual cues and more constant
more stimulated by romantic words, images, and themes.
Who is more sexual fluid?
men or women?
Women show more sexual fluidity.
Men are more categorical
What is ecological dominance?
Social pressures became more important as ecological pressures decreased
True or false..
Women show more brain activation in areas associated with memory and emotion
What brain region is more active in men and why?
parts associated with visual stimuli
because it focuses cues on fertility
What is the theory of mind concept?
Ability to understand that others have desires, beliefs, and intentions that are different from our own
(pets lack this)
What is machiavellian intelligence?
Manipulating others for one’s own gain
(at the cost of the others)
Much of human evolution occurred in groups....
What is the minimal groups paradigm?
Groups hating their group to have more resources than the other group even at a cost.
(the relative advantage)
What is the realistic conflict theory?
Conflict is about something....
22 5th grade boys experiment.
What is social identity theory?
People are motivated to have a positive self concept or high self esteem
What is sociosexual orientation?
How open one is to casual sex.
What is romantic love?
It is universal.
The goal is to have a union with another
What are traits of romantic love?
Regarding the loved one as special
Focusing on their objects and events
Changes ones priority to remain in contact
Emotional contact is more important
What can the effects of emotional love do to your brain?
Has similar effects to that of cocaine!
What are the gender differences for romantic love?
MEN: Feel closes side by side
WOMEN: Feel closer face to face
What is out-group homogeneity?
Homogeneity= all the same
The tendency to think that we are more different within a ingroup but we are better than the outgroup (thats all the same)
ex: All asians look the same
What is self categorization theory?
Categorization depends upon the context.
personality identity vs. social identity (girls or boys)
What is a stereotype?
Belief about a person based on his or her membership in a cognitive category
What is Individuating information?
The fast that even if there is a dumb doctor it does not change your stereotype that doctors are all smart.
Where does race stem form?
coalition processes. (team processes)
There is no intrinsic marker