Flashcards in Social Psychology Test 4 Deck (36):
What are the 4 types of conformity?
What is conformity?
"Conformity is a type of social influence involving change of belief or behavior to fit with the norms of a group.”
What is internalization?
The individual’s actually believing the value or truth of the behavior or belief
What is normative examples of conformity
Can be a profession or a belief.
Ex: saving the pandas or being vegan
being afraid to go against the group.
What is information conformity?
Looking to group for information or using group beliefs and behavior to guide one’s own behavior
Ex: Dis liking some one because of the group you are in
When one believes what is said
What is Ingratiation conformity?
Conforming to impress people or gain favor.
Ex: Joining a group of friend who love drinking.
What is compliance?
Involves conforming to desires of authority figure or group on an order because of fear of punishment
Ex: being in the army
What was Milgram's teacher and learner experiment about.
Teacher had to shock learner when wrong. Shock voltage constantly went up. 2/3 of the participants gave the max shock even though it would of really hurt some one.
What causes conformity?
When are people more likely to conform? In high importance or low importance situations?
High importance situations
What is cohesiveness?
extent to which members of a group are bound together
What is the chameleon effect?
The tendency to mimic another person’s speech inflections and physical expressions.
It makes people like us more
What is morality?
Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad
What is descriptive morality?
is the study of the description and explanation of morality as it actually exists
Ex: What ppl actually think is wrong.
Its wrong to eat human flesh
What is preceptive morality?
is a description of how we ought to behave regardless of how we do behave
Ex: What we should do.
Stop eating human flesh
What did Lawrence Kohlber's cognitive developmental stages in children mean?
It focused on how humans develop moral reasoning.
Proceed in stages
What were Kohnberkgs 3 stages?
What is pre-conventional?
Focused on the self
What is conventional?
Acceptance of society standards of wright and wrong.
What is post conventional?
When one lives by their own ethical principles.
Rules are useful but can be changed.
What is Haidt's intuitionism?
According to Haidt, most of our moral beliefs are driven by underlying intuitions
INTUITIONS are quick, visceral (gut) responses to something in the world
What are the 5 moral foundations?
1. Harm/ Care
What are the 2 types of fairness?
1. Equality: Valuing equal opportunities
2. Equity: Valuing equal outcomes
What is the difference between manual and automatic emotions
Automatic emotions come naturally
Manual emotions are more difficult to use and are usually applied to out group members
What is Utilitarianism?
Part of consequentialism
- What matters is the outcome (cost vs. benefit)
What leads to maximum well-being?
What is deontological?
Some acts are just wrong, regardless of the outcome
What is the self?
the subject of one’s own experience of phenomena: perceptions, emotions, thoughts.
What is the uniquely human self?
Animals may not have selfs.
The human self can...
Judges others and itself!!
Makes/controls behavioral plans
Has beliefs about others and itself
It can travel backward and forward in time
What is theory of mind?
Theory of mind- the ability to contemplate others’ points of view
What is self handicapping?
Putting obstacles in the way of ones performance so potential failure can be blamed on obstacle rather than the lack of ability
True of false Baumeister believes that self control is a muscle?
True or false Mischel sees self control as a stable trait?
What is cognitive dissonance?
When we can have contradictory thoughts or emit behaviors that contradict our beliefs
What is agency detection?
Tendency to attribute intention & intelligence to situations or objects that may or may not have those
What is hyperactive agency detection?
When you hear a noise and assume something is there