Social Psychology Test 4 Flashcards Preview

Social Psychology > Social Psychology Test 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Psychology Test 4 Deck (36):
1

What are the 4 types of conformity?

Normative
Informational
Ingratiational
compliance

2

What is conformity?

"Conformity is a type of social influence involving change of belief or behavior to fit with the norms of a group.”

3

What is internalization?

The individual’s actually believing the value or truth of the behavior or belief

4

What is normative examples of conformity

Can be a profession or a belief.
Ex: saving the pandas or being vegan
being afraid to go against the group.

5

What is information conformity?

Looking to group for information or using group beliefs and behavior to guide one’s own behavior
Ex: Dis liking some one because of the group you are in
When one believes what is said

6

What is Ingratiation conformity?

Conforming to impress people or gain favor.
Ex: Joining a group of friend who love drinking.
& politicians

7

What is compliance?

Involves conforming to desires of authority figure or group on an order because of fear of punishment
Ex: being in the army

8

What was Milgram's teacher and learner experiment about.

Teacher had to shock learner when wrong. Shock voltage constantly went up. 2/3 of the participants gave the max shock even though it would of really hurt some one.

9

What causes conformity?

Unanimity

10

When are people more likely to conform? In high importance or low importance situations?

High importance situations

11

What is cohesiveness?

extent to which members of a group are bound together

12

What is the chameleon effect?

The tendency to mimic another person’s speech inflections and physical expressions.
It makes people like us more

13

What is morality?

Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad

14

What is descriptive morality?

is the study of the description and explanation of morality as it actually exists
Ex: What ppl actually think is wrong.
Its wrong to eat human flesh

15

What is preceptive morality?

is a description of how we ought to behave regardless of how we do behave
Ex: What we should do.
Stop eating human flesh

16

What did Lawrence Kohlber's cognitive developmental stages in children mean?

It focused on how humans develop moral reasoning.
Proceed in stages

17

What were Kohnberkgs 3 stages?

Pre- conventional
conventional
post conventional

18

What is pre-conventional?

Focused on the self

19

What is conventional?

Acceptance of society standards of wright and wrong.

20

What is post conventional?

When one lives by their own ethical principles.
Rules are useful but can be changed.

21

What is Haidt's intuitionism?

According to Haidt, most of our moral beliefs are driven by underlying intuitions
INTUITIONS are quick, visceral (gut) responses to something in the world

22

What are the 5 moral foundations?

1. Harm/ Care
2. Fairness
3. Authority
4. Purity
5. Loyalty

23

What are the 2 types of fairness?

1. Equality: Valuing equal opportunities
2. Equity: Valuing equal outcomes

24

What is the difference between manual and automatic emotions

Automatic emotions come naturally
Manual emotions are more difficult to use and are usually applied to out group members

25

What is Utilitarianism?

Part of consequentialism
- What matters is the outcome (cost vs. benefit)
What leads to maximum well-being?

26

What is deontological?

Some acts are just wrong, regardless of the outcome

27

What is the self?

the subject of one’s own experience of phenomena: perceptions, emotions, thoughts.

28

What is the uniquely human self?

Animals may not have selfs.
The human self can...
Judges others and itself!!
Makes/controls behavioral plans
Has beliefs about others and itself
It can travel backward and forward in time

29

What is theory of mind?

Theory of mind- the ability to contemplate others’ points of view

30

What is self handicapping?

Putting obstacles in the way of ones performance so potential failure can be blamed on obstacle rather than the lack of ability

31

True of false Baumeister believes that self control is a muscle?

TRUE

32

True or false Mischel sees self control as a stable trait?

TRUE

33

What is cognitive dissonance?

When we can have contradictory thoughts or emit behaviors that contradict our beliefs

34

What is agency detection?

Tendency to attribute intention & intelligence to situations or objects that may or may not have those

35

What is hyperactive agency detection?

When you hear a noise and assume something is there

36

What is error management theory?

Humans are designed to make the less costly error