Flashcards in Social Psychology Test 3 Deck (30):
What is the outcome of the prisoners Delma?
The issue of trying to figure out what's best for both of you and what the other person is going to do.
Ex: stay quiet both do one year!
What is the tournament of strategies?
Many situations happened and the jail scene played out in many different ways.
The best strategy was tit for tat!
What is reciprocal altruism?
When you interact with the same people over and over again you are more likely to do something that is not in your interest to help the other person.
Ex: I wash your can this month and you will wash my car next month.
What is the proximate design?
If some one helps you, you are thankful and you have an obligation to them.
If someone does not repay the favor you are morally outraged!
Is considered a misnomer! Not really altruistic.
What is mutualism?
When 2 individuals exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other.
Why are groups beneficial?
The more people you have in a group the more specialized people you have and the more productive your group is as a whole!
What is the proximate design?
We like people who help the group and dislike people who hurt the group.
What is the status exchange theory?
We reward those who help the group
Ex: A status difference! [Lebron James]
What is deference?
Submitting to the legitimate influence of ones superiors
It feels good!
What is Barclays money experiment?
If one person gets more money than the others for no reason there is going to be some one who wants to punish the "free loader" even if it costs them.
The punisher usually is perceived as more trustworthy and honest by the group.
The punishment of free riders is very important... Why?
It allows for cooperation.
Publishers are usually rewarded
Ex: police officers
What are the 3 theory's as to why humans are so cooperative?
1. Reciprocal altruism
3. Competitive signaling from social selection
What is social selection theory?
Looks at the consequences of interpersonal social decisions across human evolution.
In life we get to choose our social partners.
It has consequences.
ex: Who's your friend and who do you want to exclude? Hitler... Abby from Dance Moms?
How did social selection theory work in evolution??
If you did not participate in work with the group or not a good sociable person then you were excluded... you you will most likely die!
If you are really nice and help out all of the time you will get a lot of recourses and be treated well.
What is competitive altruism?
People have to advertise all of the things that make them the better social partner.
Ex: The wedding speeches
What is kin selection
The odds of you choosing your family is higher than a random stranger
(relatedness)(benefit) > (Cost to me)
What is dominance?
When status is maintained out of fear.
What is prestige?
When your influences arise from being successful.
What is hubristic pride?
pride is marked by arrogance and conceit
What is authentic pride?
pride is more pro-social and achievement oriented
What is the dominance puzzle?
Status appears to be functional
Those who have traits who help the group gain status (prestige)
Dominance is the trait that best predicts whether someone gets status
Dominance: assertive, forceful, self-assured
What is the competence signaling theory?
Assertiveness & desire for authority lead to behaviors that enhance perceptions of competence
What happens in the math questions experiment?
The more dominant person leads even if they do not have the higher SAT score.
What is a Duchenne smile?
A true smile.
What is the logic of costly signaling?
Humans would be motivated to cheat signals.
What is an indexical signal?
A signal that is almost inevitable connected to what it signals.
What is a costly signal?
A signal that force a price on the signaler that is difficult for dishonest signalers to bear.
Why do we get degrees?
They are signals of the person’s underlying traits.
Mating Motives & Spending
Increasing mating motives should increase conspicuous consumption