Social Study Civil War Flashcards Preview

8th Grade > Social Study Civil War > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Study Civil War Deck (33):
1

What is manifest destiny?

God given right to move west?

2

What is an abolitionist?

People who wants to end slavery

3

What is a civil war?

A country fighting itself (half/half usually)

4

What were some issues that divided the United States in the early/mid 1800's

Westward expansion, south wants slavery north doesn't,

5

What are the major cash crops in the south?

Tobacco, cotton, sugar, indigo, etc

6

What is the definition of tariffs

Taxes on imported goods

7

How did the north and south feel about tariffs?

North wanted taxes south doesn't

8

What is sectionalism?

Loyal to a state or section of a country rather than the nation as a whole?

9

What is popular sovereignty?

Rights of the people

10

How did the economy of the north and south differ?

North:industry
South:agriculture, cotton kingdom

11

Why were the south strongly in support of slavery?

Slaves were an economic necessity in the south, they used slaves to work the large plantations

12

Why did the northerners support a tariff

Most industry was in the south, it protected American industry from foreign competitions, it would be more expensive to buy goods that weren't American goods

13

What was the compromise of 1850

Presented by Henry clay, was passed to maintain the balance between slaves and free states

14

What is the fugitive slave acts

Part of the compromise in 1850, previously passed in 1793, made it a crime to help run away slaves, abolitionist reacted in anger

15

What are the goals of the Republican Party?

To keep slavery out of the western territories, stop it from spreading, member of the house of reps and practiced law in spring field, Illinois (Abe Lincoln republican)

16

What would the southerners think about Abe Lincoln becoming president

They became fearful that the anti slavery republican would try to change their way of life

17

Who is the president of the confederacy

Jefferson Davis

18

What are the north and south fighting for?

South fights for state right and the north is against it they want a stronger central government

19

What was the first manassas (bull run) July 21 1861

The first major land battle of the American civil war it is outside of Washington, D.C.

20

What were the advantages of the north?

Navy, populations, manufacturing, industry, railroads, agriculture production

21

What are the advantages of the south?

Military leader, home land, preserve their way of life (goals)

22

What are the disadvantage of the north?

Military leaders (lack of experience), invading unfamiliar land, not prepared

23

What are the disadvantage of the south?

Lack manufacturing, lack navy, not prepared

24

What strategies did the north use to win the war?

Navy for blockade in the southern parts, cut off trade with Europe, seize Richmond va (confederate capital), seize control of Mississippi River (south can't use it to transport goods)

25

What were the military goals of the south?

Fight a defensive war, make the war last a long time so that it will become unpopular in the north, count on European money and south

26

How were the civilians economically affected by the war?

South: limited supplies, no food, no one to sell cotton to
North: increased production of war materials, more jobs

27

What were the methods of the war in 1860?

Single fire rifles and cannons were used, line up and march style, prisons:Anderson:1 out of 3

28

How did the advances in technology make the civil war battles more deadly

Come shaped bullets(more accurate), new canons (fire up to 3 miles), iron clad ships (Merrimack v monitor)

29

What were the medical conditions during the civil war?

Unclean: infections would kill you, amputation often necessary, diseases killed more than guns

30

How were civilians in the north affected by the war?
(Draft law)

Draft law: all able bodied makes between 20-45 had to serve if called

31

How were civilians in the north affected by the war? (Copper head)

Copper heads: northerners who were opposed to using force to keep the south in the union

32

How were civilians in the north affected by the war? (Profiteers)

Profiteers: charged excessive prices for goods the government desperately needed for war

33

How were civilians in the north affected by the war?
(Income tax)

Income tax: to pay for the war
Riots in New York